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196 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Tuberculosis - Learning the Effect of Parasites and Reinforcing Diets
Boston Medical Center Tuberculosis, Pulmonary Helminthiasis Malnutrition
The objectives of this research are to determine: - the burden of intestinal parasitic infections among persons living with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) - whether intestinal parasitic infections alter TB treatment outcomes, including speed of sputum clearance and treatment outcomes... expand

The objectives of this research are to determine: - the burden of intestinal parasitic infections among persons living with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) - whether intestinal parasitic infections alter TB treatment outcomes, including speed of sputum clearance and treatment outcomes - the impact of malnutrition on speed of sputum clearance and TB treatment outcomes - whether nutritional supplementation improves speed of sputum clearance and treatment outcomes In this study the researchers will investigate how intestinal parasites impact the nutritional status of TB patients before the start of nutritional supplementation and how they alter the trajectory of weight gain in those receiving supplementation by analyzing results from 2 cohorts. LEOPARD Cohort 1- - Control-Enroll TB cases, screen for undernutrition, obtain stool for intestinal parasite screening by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and assess them for treatment outcomes and weight gain - TB LION (Learning Impact of Nutrition) - Enroll TB cases, provide nutritional supplementation for 6 months (as part of existing TB LION study), screen for undernutrition, obtain stool for intestinal parasite screening by PCR, and assess them for treatment outcomes and weight gain LEOPARD Cohort 2 - - Enroll TB cases, screen for undernutrition, obtain stool for internal parasite screening by PCR, and assess them for treatment outcomes and weight gain.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Apr 2022

open study

A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Birtamimab in Mayo Stage IV Patients With AL Amyloidosis
Prothena Biosciences Ltd. Light Chain (AL) Amyloidosis
A Phase 3 study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of birtamimab plus standard of care compared to placebo plus standard of care in Mayo Stage IV patients with AL amyloidosis. expand

A Phase 3 study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of birtamimab plus standard of care compared to placebo plus standard of care in Mayo Stage IV patients with AL amyloidosis.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2021

open study

Oxbryta® Product Registry An Observational Study Designed to Evaluate the Effect of Oxbryta in Individuals...
Pfizer Sickle Cell Disease
This registry is an observational study designed to evaluate the effect of Oxbryta in individuals with SCD in a real-world setting. expand

This registry is an observational study designed to evaluate the effect of Oxbryta in individuals with SCD in a real-world setting.

Type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Start Date: Nov 2021

open study

Digital Health Weight Management Among Public Housing Residents
Tufts Medical Center Weight Change, Body Obesity
This research will test the efficacy of a weight management intervention through a three-group randomized trial: mHealth only, mHealth+Community Health Worker (CHW) support, versus control group, among residents of Boston's public housing developments. The mHealth group consists of a 1-year text messaging... expand

This research will test the efficacy of a weight management intervention through a three-group randomized trial: mHealth only, mHealth+Community Health Worker (CHW) support, versus control group, among residents of Boston's public housing developments. The mHealth group consists of a 1-year text messaging program to promote diet and physical activity behavior changes and the CHW support consists of monthly phone counseling delivered by a CHW to support the text messaging program. Our hypothesis is that the mHealth+CHW group will be more effective in bringing about weight loss compared to mHealth alone or the assessment only control group. The findings are expected to inform future health promotion efforts among residents in public housing developments.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2021

open study

Genetic Epidemiology of Rotator Cuff Tears: The cuffGEN Study
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Rotator Cuff Tears
Rotator cuff tear is one of the most common reasons to seek musculoskeletal care, and cuff repair is one of the fastest growing ambulatory surgery procedures. However, the etiology of cuff tears, reasons for variability treatment success, and causes of FI are poorly understood. A large-scale genome-wide... expand

Rotator cuff tear is one of the most common reasons to seek musculoskeletal care, and cuff repair is one of the fastest growing ambulatory surgery procedures. However, the etiology of cuff tears, reasons for variability treatment success, and causes of FI are poorly understood. A large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) using imaging-verified rotator cuff tear cases and controls can address limitations in rigor of prior research and assess the genetic basis of FI and functional outcomes of cuff tear treatments. Primary Objective: To conduct a case-control GWAS of imaging-verified symptomatic rotator cuff tear in approximately 3000-6000 individuals and replicate findings in an independent set of 3000-6000 or more imaging-verified individuals to identify common variants in several genetic loci that increase risk for rotator cuff tears. Hypothesis: Common variants in several genetic loci increase risk for rotator cuff tears. Secondary Objectives: 1. To perform an imputed transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) to identify and prioritize gene targets associated with rotator cuff tear by integrating GWAS summary statistics and gene-expression weights from muscle and adipose tissue available in the GTEx project. Hypothesis: Genetically predicted gene expression of multiple genes in muscle and adipose tissue are associated with rotator cuff tear. 2. To identify if single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with rotator cuff tear and their genetic risk score (GRS) predict improved pain and function as measured by American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Form (ASES) and other outcome measures. Hypothesis: Select SNPs and GRS predict ASES outcome. 3. To identify genetic variants associated with Fatty Infiltration (FI) in patients with cuff tears in a two stage GWAS of imaged rotator cuffs and to prioritize gene targets through an imputed-TWAS in muscle and adipose tissue. Hypothesis: Multiple genetic variants are associated with FI and some exert their influence by altering gene expression in the muscle and adipose tissue.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Mar 2021

open study

A Study of Etavopivat in Adults and Adolescents With Sickle Cell Disease (HIBISCUS)
Forma Therapeutics, Inc. Sickle Cell Disease
This clinical trial is a Phase 2/3 study that will evaluate the efficacy and safety of etavopivat and test how well etavopivat works compared to placebo to improve the amount of hemoglobin in the blood and to reduce the number of vaso-occlusive crises (times when the blood vessels become blocked and... expand

This clinical trial is a Phase 2/3 study that will evaluate the efficacy and safety of etavopivat and test how well etavopivat works compared to placebo to improve the amount of hemoglobin in the blood and to reduce the number of vaso-occlusive crises (times when the blood vessels become blocked and cause pain).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2021

open study

Intravascular Ultrasound in Patients With End-stage Renal Disease on Dialysis
Boston Medical Center End Stage Renal Disease
Hemodialysis represents a life line of patients with end stage renal disease, who are commonly maintained on hemodialysis through catheters. Prolonged exposure to these catheters eventually damages the walls of veins, which results in stenosis at the local site. This condition is called central venous... expand

Hemodialysis represents a life line of patients with end stage renal disease, who are commonly maintained on hemodialysis through catheters. Prolonged exposure to these catheters eventually damages the walls of veins, which results in stenosis at the local site. This condition is called central venous stenosis (CVS) and affects number of patients on hemodialysis in the United States and can compromise the dialysis efficacy. The current diagnostic modality for CVS is venography, which has several limitations. This study proposes to examine intravenous ultrasound (IVUS) as a potentially superior modality, which will provide additional information.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2021

open study

A Study of Multiple Therapies in Biomarker-Selected Patients With Resectable Stages IB-III Non-Small...
Genentech, Inc. Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
This trial will evaluate the efficacy and safety of various therapies in patients with Stage IB, IIA, IIB, IIIA, or selected IIIB resectable and untreated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors that meet protocol-specified biomarker criteria expand

This trial will evaluate the efficacy and safety of various therapies in patients with Stage IB, IIA, IIB, IIIA, or selected IIIB resectable and untreated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors that meet protocol-specified biomarker criteria

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2020

open study

Testing the Addition of a Type of Drug Called Immunotherapy to the Usual Chemotherapy Treatment for Non-Small...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma Lung Non-Small Cell Squamous Carcinoma Lung Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Carcinoma Stage II Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Lung Cancer AJCC v8
This phase III ALCHEMIST trial tests the addition of pembrolizumab to usual chemotherapy for the treatment of stage IIA, IIB, IIIA or IIIB non-small cell lung cancer that has been removed by surgery. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system... expand

This phase III ALCHEMIST trial tests the addition of pembrolizumab to usual chemotherapy for the treatment of stage IIA, IIB, IIIA or IIIB non-small cell lung cancer that has been removed by surgery. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy drugs, such as cisplatin, pemetrexed, carboplatin, gemcitabine hydrochloride, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pembrolizumab with usual chemotherapy may help increase survival times in patients with stage IIA, IIB, IIIA or IIIB non-small cell lung cancer.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2020

open study

Transmission of Tuberculosis Among Illicit Drug Use Linkages
Boston Medical Center Tuberculosis Illicit Drug Use
Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading infectious disease killer globally and leading cause of death in persons with HIV. The most effective way to reduce TB incidence and mortality is to interrupt transmission. This requires finding and treating individuals with TB disease early, including those with subclinical... expand

Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading infectious disease killer globally and leading cause of death in persons with HIV. The most effective way to reduce TB incidence and mortality is to interrupt transmission. This requires finding and treating individuals with TB disease early, including those with subclinical disease. Molecular epidemiologic studies and mathematical models have shown that the primary approach to case finding-household contact tracing-identifies only 8-19% of transmissions in high TB and TB/HIV burden settings. Thus there is a clear need to identify new groups and settings where TB transmission occurs. Spatial clustering of individuals with higher rates of progression from infection to disease, such as those with HIV and malnourishment, can also form transmission hotspots. Illicit drug (i.e., methamphetamines, crack/cocaine, opiates) users have higher TB infection prevalence and disease incidence compared to non-users, likely due to significant within-group transmission and/or clustered vulnerability. Increased transmission among people who use illicit drugs (PWUD) could result from creation of more efficient TB transmitters, increased close contact among transmitters, increased rates of primary progression from infection to disease among contacts, or a combination. Interrogation of illicit drug user networks for TB transmission, therefore, holds great potential as a target for early case identification and linkage to treatment, with potential benefit for halting transmission to the broader population.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Apr 2021

open study

Efficacy and Tolerability of Bedaquiline, Delamanid, Levofloxacin, Linezolid, and Clofazimine to Treat...
Boston University Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is tuberculosis (TB) that is resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampicin, the two most important anti-TB drugs. It occurs in 3.6% of newly diagnosed TB patients in the world and 17% of patients who have been previously treated. In 2017, approximately 600,000... expand

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is tuberculosis (TB) that is resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampicin, the two most important anti-TB drugs. It occurs in 3.6% of newly diagnosed TB patients in the world and 17% of patients who have been previously treated. In 2017, approximately 600,000 people were estimated to have acquired MDR-TB. However, only 25% of persons with MDR-TB were diagnosed and started on treatment, reflecting inadequate diagnostic capacity and lack of TB treatment capacity. In this multicenter, randomized, partially blinded, four-arm, phase 2 study, the investigators will examine the efficacy and safety of an all-oral regimen of bedaquiline, delamanid, levofloxacin, linezolid, and clofazimine given for 16, 24, 32 or 40 weeks

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2022

open study

Screening for Cardiac Amyloidosis With Nuclear Imaging for Minority Populations
Mathew S. Maurer Amyloid Cardiomyopathy, Transthyretin-Related
In this study, the investigators will recruit a cohort of elderly Black and Hispanic patients with heart failure to define the number of patients who have cardiac amyloidosis by utilizing highly sensitive heart imaging and blood tests. The investigators will also explore differences in genetics and... expand

In this study, the investigators will recruit a cohort of elderly Black and Hispanic patients with heart failure to define the number of patients who have cardiac amyloidosis by utilizing highly sensitive heart imaging and blood tests. The investigators will also explore differences in genetics and sex as they relate to heart failure disease progression in cardiac amyloidosis.

Type: Observational

Start Date: May 2019

open study

Maternal Newborn Health Registry
NICHD Global Network for Women's and Children's Health Pregnancy Outcome Trends in Low-resource Geographic Areas
The primary purpose of this population-based study is to quantify and understand the trends in pregnancy outcomes in defined low-resource geographic areas over time, in order to provide population-based data on stillbirths, neonatal and maternal mortality. expand

The primary purpose of this population-based study is to quantify and understand the trends in pregnancy outcomes in defined low-resource geographic areas over time, in order to provide population-based data on stillbirths, neonatal and maternal mortality.

Type: Observational

Start Date: May 2008

open study

Analysis of Lumbar Spine Stenosis Specimens for Identification of Transthyretin Cardiac Amyloidosis
Columbia University Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Cardiac Amyloidosis ATTR Amyloidosis Wild Type ATTR Gene Mutation ATTRV122I Amyloidosis
Primary objective: To identify older adults with transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA) early in the course of the illness, at a time when disease modifying therapies are most effective. The specific aims of this epidemiologic investigation include: 1. To identify subjects with previous... expand

Primary objective: To identify older adults with transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA) early in the course of the illness, at a time when disease modifying therapies are most effective. The specific aims of this epidemiologic investigation include: 1. To identify subjects with previous lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) Surgery who have evidence of transthyretin (TTR) amyloid deposits in spinal specimens and could be at risk for ATTR cardiac amyloidosis. 2. To evaluate for ATTR-CA among those with localized TTR in the spinal tissue. The study will also explore the following: 1. The prevalence of amyloid in lumbar spinal stenosis specimens by Congo Red staining. 2. The prevalence of TTR deposits among subjects with amyloid as determined by mass spectrometry. 3. Evaluation of a novel artificial intelligence technique for that can identify amyloid histologically with standard H&E staining. 4. Difference in ATTR-CA prevalence between subjects with TTR and indeterminate amyloid deposits in subject's spine by myocardial uptake of technetium pyrophosphate scan (Tc99-PYP).

Type: Observational

Start Date: Sep 2023

open study

Support Via Online Social Networks to Promote Safe Infant Care Practices
University of Virginia Breastfeeding Infant Death Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Without Mention of Autopsy
This study aims to improve adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics safe sleep (SS) recommendations and improve rates of initiation and duration of partial and exclusive breastfeeding (BF); and reduce Black/White disparities in these practices through the use of private Facebook groups providing... expand

This study aims to improve adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics safe sleep (SS) recommendations and improve rates of initiation and duration of partial and exclusive breastfeeding (BF); and reduce Black/White disparities in these practices through the use of private Facebook groups providing a) evidence-based education through videos and other multi-media supporting best practices and b) an online community and social network of other pregnant WIC clients and new parents.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2024

open study

Translation of Robotic Apparel for Alleviating Low Back Pain
Boston University Charles River Campus Low Back Pain
This is a NIAMS-sponsored clinical trial being conducted through the NIH Helping to End Addition Long-term (HEAL) Initiative's Back Pain Consortium (BACPAC) Research Program. This is a single-arm controlled trial with individuals aged 18-70 with low back pain (LBP). This study investigates the effect(s)... expand

This is a NIAMS-sponsored clinical trial being conducted through the NIH Helping to End Addition Long-term (HEAL) Initiative's Back Pain Consortium (BACPAC) Research Program. This is a single-arm controlled trial with individuals aged 18-70 with low back pain (LBP). This study investigates the effect(s) of augmenting physical therapy (PT) interventions with the use of an experimental wearable soft robotic device ('exosuit').

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2024

open study

Event-Related Potential (ERP) Components in Clinical Diagnosis
Boston University Alzheimer Disease Dementia, Mild Mild Cognitive Impairment
In this study, the investigators will use a novel electroencephalogram (EEG) system that participants will wear during a single in-person research session to investigate whether ERPs are now ready for validation as a tool clinicians can easily implement to increase diagnostic accuracy and confidence.... expand

In this study, the investigators will use a novel electroencephalogram (EEG) system that participants will wear during a single in-person research session to investigate whether ERPs are now ready for validation as a tool clinicians can easily implement to increase diagnostic accuracy and confidence. This EEG will not be used to treat, cure, mitigate or diagnosis any disease and there will be no safety or efficacy data collected about the machine for any purpose including support of FDA submission. The investigators will compare the ERP data to that of neuropsychological testing in order to determine the degree of correlation between these two measures. Questionnaires on cognition, mood, and fluency will be administered prior to the EEG to establish a baseline. ERP data from the EEG session will be compared with the results of the neuropsychological battery in order to determine whether the implementation of ERPs in the existing workflow of clinicians can aid in diagnostic accuracy, thus altering clinical management.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Mar 2023

open study

An Extension Study to Assess Long-Term Safety of Eplontersen in Adults With Transthyretin-Mediated Amyloid...
Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Transthyretin-Mediated Amyloid Cardiomyopathy (ATTR CM)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of extended dosing with eplontersen in participants with ATTR-CM. expand

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of extended dosing with eplontersen in participants with ATTR-CM.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2022

open study

VE202 in Patients With Mild-to-Moderate Ulcerative Colitis
Vedanta Biosciences, Inc. Ulcerative Colitis Colitis, Ulcerative
A Phase 2 study to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and microbiota changes of VE202 in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis (UC). expand

A Phase 2 study to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and microbiota changes of VE202 in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis (UC).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2023

open study

Assessment of Dapagliflozin on Vascular Health in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
Boston University Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Endothelial Dysfunction
Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) have changes in blood vessel health that can lead to a higher chance of developing heart attacks or strokes. New medications for T2DM including dapagliflozin, which is a Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2) inhibitor, may help protect the heart... expand

Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) have changes in blood vessel health that can lead to a higher chance of developing heart attacks or strokes. New medications for T2DM including dapagliflozin, which is a Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2) inhibitor, may help protect the heart and blood vessels. The overarching objective of this mechanistic study is to learn how a Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 (SGT2) inhibitor, dapagliflozin, impacts vascular health in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). The investigators will compare the changes in vascular health to changes in endothelial cell (EC) phenotype including non-coding RNA (ncRNA) to develop evidence supporting the mechanism of cardiovascular benefit of SGLT2 inhibitors. This study will provide novel information regarding the mechanism of effects of novel treatments for endothelial function and vascular health in patients with T2DM to reduce cardiovascular (CV) risk. The research aims to assess the: - effects of dapagliflozin on EC phenotype. - impact of dapagliflozin on vasodilator function and additional measures of vascular health including arterial stiffness and circulating markers of vascular health.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2022

open study

Testing the Combination of the Anticancer Drugs ZEN003694 and Binimetinib in Patients With Advanced/Metastatic...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm Metastatic Malignant Solid Neoplasm Refractory Malignant Solid Neoplasm Triple-Negative Breast Carcinoma Unresectable Malignant Solid Neoplasm
This phase I trial tests the safety, side effects, and best dose of ZEN003694 in combination with binimetinib in treating patients with solid tumors that carry RAS alterations and that have spread to other places in the body (advanced/metastatic) or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). ZEN003694... expand

This phase I trial tests the safety, side effects, and best dose of ZEN003694 in combination with binimetinib in treating patients with solid tumors that carry RAS alterations and that have spread to other places in the body (advanced/metastatic) or cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). ZEN003694 is an oral medication with potential anticancer activity. It is an inhibitor of a family of proteins called bromodomain and extra-terminal (BET) which play important role during development and cellular growth. ZEN003694 may stop the growth of tumor cells that produce BET. Binimetinib is in a class of medications called kinase inhibitors. It works by blocking the action proteins called MEK1 and MEK2, that signal cancer cells to multiply. It may help keep cancer cells from growing and spreading. There is pre-clinical evidence that using ZEN003694 and binimetinib together may shrink or stabilize cancers studied in this trial. There are two parts of this study; dose escalation and dose expansion. In the dose escalation part of this study, different people will get different doses of the study drugs ZEN003694 and binimetinib. In the dose expansion part of this study, the highest dose with manageable side effects will be given to additional people. This will help to understand the side effects that may happen with this drug combination.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2022

open study

Haiti Community Health Workers (CHW) Adaptation
Boston Medical Center Heart Failure
Evidence-based interventions to improve linkage and outcomes for heart failure (HF) patients requires input from stakeholders: patients, community health workers (CHWs), healthcare staff, and health system administrators. In this research the investigators will assess a CHW intervention designed... expand

Evidence-based interventions to improve linkage and outcomes for heart failure (HF) patients requires input from stakeholders: patients, community health workers (CHWs), healthcare staff, and health system administrators. In this research the investigators will assess a CHW intervention designed to improve linkage to care for HF patients. This intervention was systematically adapted for use in rural Haiti in a prior study using the Assessment, Decisions, Administration, Production, Topical Experts, Integration, Training staff, Testing (ADAPT-ITT) framework. The ADAPT-ITT framework provides 8 sequential phases to adapt interventions and programs to new target audiences. It has been applied successfully to the adaptation of several interventions for HIV among under-resourced communities leading to randomized clinical trials. With the first 6 steps of the ADAPT-ITT framework completed in a prior study, this protocol outlines the training and testing of the adapted CHW intervention. In addition to assessing the feasibility, appropriateness, and acceptability of the adapted intervention through participants' feedback, the investigators will assess its efficacy in improving HF outcomes. The proposed intervention is targeted at both the patient domain - through improved peer support - and health system domain - by improving health system navigation.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2023

open study

GWICTIC: NAC Mechanistic Study in Gulf War Veterans
Nova Southeastern University Gulf War Syndrome
This mechanistic study will test if NAC affects chronic oxidative stress and depletion of antioxidants in GWI participants. Blood specimen collection and neuroimaging will be used to determine whether NAC affects serum glutathione (GSH) concentration and oxidative stress in the CNS when compared to... expand

This mechanistic study will test if NAC affects chronic oxidative stress and depletion of antioxidants in GWI participants. Blood specimen collection and neuroimaging will be used to determine whether NAC affects serum glutathione (GSH) concentration and oxidative stress in the CNS when compared to placebo.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2023

open study

Fenofibrate for Prevention of DR Worsening
Jaeb Center for Health Research Diabetic Retinopathy
This randomized trial will evaluate the effect of fenofibrate compared with placebo for prevention of diabetic retinopathy (DR) worsening through 6 years of follow-up in eyes with mild to moderately severe non-proliferative DR (NPDR) and no CI-DME at baseline. In addition to evaluating efficacy,... expand

This randomized trial will evaluate the effect of fenofibrate compared with placebo for prevention of diabetic retinopathy (DR) worsening through 6 years of follow-up in eyes with mild to moderately severe non-proliferative DR (NPDR) and no CI-DME at baseline. In addition to evaluating efficacy, this study aims to evaluate the feasibility of a model for ophthalmologists to prescribe or collaborate with a primary care provider such as an internist/endocrinologist to prescribe and monitor the drug safely. If this study demonstrates that fenofibrate is effective for reducing the onset of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) or and the results are adopted by the community of retina specialists, a new strategy to prevent vision threatening complications of diabetes could be widely adopted. Widespread use of an oral agent effective at reducing worsening of DR would decrease the numbers of patients who undergo more invasive and much more expensive treatment for DR and who are consequently at risk for side effects that adversely affect visual function. This study will also assess the relationship of glycemic variability, as measured by continuous glucose monitoring with DR outcomes. Ancillary studies will characterize functional and structural outcomes in this cohort.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2021

open study

Pomalidomide Treatment in Patients With Kaposi Sarcoma
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Skin Kaposi Sarcoma
This phase II trial studies the effect of pomalidomide in treating patients with Kaposi sarcoma. Pomalidomide is a cancer fighting drug that stops the growth of blood vessels, stimulates the immune system, and may kill cancer cells. expand

This phase II trial studies the effect of pomalidomide in treating patients with Kaposi sarcoma. Pomalidomide is a cancer fighting drug that stops the growth of blood vessels, stimulates the immune system, and may kill cancer cells.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2022

open study