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191 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Accelerating COVID-19 Therapeutic Interventions and Vaccines 4 ACUTE
Matthew Neal MD Covid19
This is a randomized, open label, adaptive platform trial to compare the effectiveness of antithrombotic and additional strategies for prevention of adverse outcomes in COVID-19 positive inpatients expand

This is a randomized, open label, adaptive platform trial to compare the effectiveness of antithrombotic and additional strategies for prevention of adverse outcomes in COVID-19 positive inpatients

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2020

open study

Study of the Safety and Efficacy of STI-6129 in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Systemic AL Amyloidosis
Sorrento Therapeutics, Inc. Light Chain (AL) Amyloidosis
The STI-6129-001 study is a three-stage, multicenter, open-label, dose-finding, phase 1b/2a trial. It is designed primarily to identify the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of STI-6129 by assessing the safety, preliminary efficacy and pharmacokinetics of this anti-CD38-Duostatin... expand

The STI-6129-001 study is a three-stage, multicenter, open-label, dose-finding, phase 1b/2a trial. It is designed primarily to identify the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of STI-6129 by assessing the safety, preliminary efficacy and pharmacokinetics of this anti-CD38-Duostatin 5.2 antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) for the treatment of relapsed or refractory systemic AL amyloidosis. The patients that will be treated with STI-6129 in this trial are relapsed or refractory systemic AL amyloidosis patients who have received prior lines of treatment.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2021

open study

CompassHER2-pCR: Decreasing Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer Patients After Pre-surgery Chemo and Targeted...
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group Anatomic Stage II Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage IIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage IIB Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage IIIA Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Invasive Breast Carcinoma
This trial studies how well paclitaxel, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab work in eliminating further chemotherapy after surgery in patients with HER2-positive stage II-IIIa breast cancer who have no cancer remaining at surgery (either in the breast or underarm lymph nodes) after... expand

This trial studies how well paclitaxel, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab work in eliminating further chemotherapy after surgery in patients with HER2-positive stage II-IIIa breast cancer who have no cancer remaining at surgery (either in the breast or underarm lymph nodes) after pre-operative chemotherapy and HER2-targeted therapy. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Trastuzumab and pertuzumab are both a form of "targeted therapy" because they work by attaching themselves to specific molecules (receptors) on the surface of tumor cells, known as HER2 receptors. When these drugs attach to HER2 receptors, the signals that tell the cells to grow are blocked and the tumor cell may be marked for destruction by the body's immune system. Giving paclitaxel, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab may enable fewer chemotherapy drugs to be given without compromising patient outcomes compared to the usual treatment.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2020

open study

Vitamin D3 With Chemotherapy and Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Colorectal...
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Colorectal Adenocarcinoma
This phase III trial studies how well vitamin D3 given with standard chemotherapy and bevacizumab works in treating patients with colorectal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. Vitamin D3 helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth.... expand

This phase III trial studies how well vitamin D3 given with standard chemotherapy and bevacizumab works in treating patients with colorectal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. Vitamin D3 helps the body use calcium and phosphorus to make strong bones and teeth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving vitamin D3 with chemotherapy and bevacizumab may work better in shrinking or stabilizing colorectal cancer. It is not yet known whether giving high-dose vitamin D3 in addition to chemotherapy and bevacizumab would extend patients' time without disease compared to the usual approach (chemotherapy and bevacizumab).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2019

open study

Beacon Sensors and Telerehabilitation for Low Vision
University of California, Los Angeles Low Vision
The successful application of magnification devices for reading and daily tasks is predicated on their correct use by individuals with low vision (LV). Barriers related to transportation, geography, and/or co-morbidities often limit LV patients' ability to attend several in-office... expand

The successful application of magnification devices for reading and daily tasks is predicated on their correct use by individuals with low vision (LV). Barriers related to transportation, geography, and/or co-morbidities often limit LV patients' ability to attend several in-office training sessions as part of low vision rehabilitation (LVR) to optimize visual function with magnification devices. A promising solution is real-time videoconferencing to provide telerehabilitation, involving remotely delivered LVR services by a LVR provider in office to a patient at home. Telerehabilitation for LV appears to be feasible and acceptable by both patients and LVR providers, yet there are no published outcomes on the potential to improve patients' visual functioning. Another key issue in LVR is the need for an effective system to continually assess how patients are functioning at home. Ideally this would involve a non-invasive, efficient method to assess when magnifier device abandonment occurs, so that a timely telerehabilitation session can be initiated. Small Bluetooth low energy beacon sensors attached to the handles of magnifiers can collect real-time data regarding minute-to-minute environmental changes, which might serve as an indicator of magnifier use by LV patients at home. Specifically, the investigators propose to assess the potential for telerehabilitation to enhance visual function by providing remotely-delivered LVR training to use magnification devices. Following one in-office training session for new magnification device(s), the investigators aim to determine if there is additional gain in visual functioning by randomizing subjects to telerehabilitation or additional in-office LVR (active control). Participants will be assessed before and after two consecutive periods: (1) one month after a single LVR training session, followed by (2) up to three LVR sessions over a three month period either via telerehabilitation in the participants' homes or LVR in-office. The investigators will determine which patient characteristics and/or magnification devices are most likely to benefit from telerehabilitation. The investigators will also determine whether data from Bluetooth beacon sensors are valid indicators of hand-held magnifier device usage by LV patients at home. The study investigators will deploy Estimote Sticker beacon sensors to subjects randomized to telerehabilitation or additional in-office LVR during the same study period. It is anticipated that beacon sensors will measure significantly increased temperature and/or motion when placed on the part of the magnification device held by LV patients while performing daily activities. Beacon sensor data will determine if it is feasible to assess when magnification devices are used, and if the frequency of magnifier use changes following telerehabilitation or in-office LVR. This work will evaluate and refine the procedures for implementing these technologies for LVR, in order to develop future randomized controlled trial protocols. The investigators envision that telerehabilitation and beacon sensors could improve LV patient outcomes by providing follow-up LVR services in a more efficient and timely manner.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2019

open study

A Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Ralinepag to Improve Treatment Outcomes in PAH Patients
United Therapeutics PAH Pulmonary Hypertension Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Hypertension Connective Tissue Diseases
Study ROR-PH-301, ADVANCE OUTCOMES, is designed to assess the efficacy and safety of ralinepag when added to pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) standard of care or PAH-specific background therapy in subjects with World Health Organization (WHO) Group 1 PAH. expand

Study ROR-PH-301, ADVANCE OUTCOMES, is designed to assess the efficacy and safety of ralinepag when added to pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) standard of care or PAH-specific background therapy in subjects with World Health Organization (WHO) Group 1 PAH.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2018

open study

Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Esophageal and Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Clinical Stage II Esophageal Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Clinical Stage II Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Clinical Stage IIA Esophageal Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Clinical Stage IIB Esophageal Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8 Clinical Stage III Esophageal Adenocarcinoma AJCC v8
This phase II/III trial studies the usefulness of treatment with nivolumab and ipilimumab in addition to standard of care chemotherapy and radiation therapy in patients with esophageal and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma who are undergoing surgery. Immunotherapy with... expand

This phase II/III trial studies the usefulness of treatment with nivolumab and ipilimumab in addition to standard of care chemotherapy and radiation therapy in patients with esophageal and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma who are undergoing surgery. Immunotherapy with antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may remove the brake on the body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may reduce the tumor size and the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed during surgery. A combined treatment with nivolumab and ipilimumab, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy might be more effective in patients with esophageal and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma who are undergoing surgery.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2019

open study

Shingrix Vaccine in Patients With Moderate to Severe Ulcerative Colitis on Tofacitinib
Boston Medical Center Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), have been shown to be at increased risk of developing certain infections, such as shingles from the Herpes Zoster (HZ) virus, as a result of their underlying disease. Patients with UC are also... expand

Patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), have been shown to be at increased risk of developing certain infections, such as shingles from the Herpes Zoster (HZ) virus, as a result of their underlying disease. Patients with UC are also often treated with immunosuppressants, and research has shown that IBD patients on immunosuppressants have an impaired immune response to vaccination in comparison to immunocompetent controls. Because UC patients are often treated with immunosuppressants, the live HZ vaccine was not recommended in these patients. Shingrix, however, is a new inactivated vaccine recently approved by the FDA for prevention of HZ in adults age 50 and older, and Shingrix should be safe to administer in IBD patients because it does not contain live HZ virus. Data on efficacy of the Shingrix vaccine also appears promising in immunocompromised patients. Tofacitinib citrate (Xeljanz), an immunosuppressant that works by inhibiting the Janus kinase pathway, is currently approved for treatment of certain inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis. The drug is currently awaiting FDA-approval for use in moderate-to-severe UC but has been used off-label in various settings. Notably, tofacitinib was associated with an increased risk of HZ in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis. The research hypothesis is that UC patients on tofacitinib will mount an adequate response and that the response will be slightly diminished compared to non-immunosuppressed IBD patients, comparable to those on anti-tumor necrosis alpha (anti-TNF) monotherapy, and superior to those on anti-TNF therapy in combination with a thiopurine. Strong cell mediated immunity is shown to prevent reactivation of HZ, and demonstrating a robust immune response to Shingrix may serve as a surrogate for a reduced risk of developing shingles and might alleviate prescribers' concerns regarding the use of tofacitinib. The results will also serve as pilot data to inform larger future studies evaluating the actual risk of developing shingles in patients on tofacitinib who receive Shingrix.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2019

open study

Boston Birth Cohort Study
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Maternal Health Child Health Pregnancy Complications Birth Outcome, Adverse
Early life exposures may lead to adverse effects on health in later life. The Boston birth Cohort study is designed to study a broad array of early life factors and their effects on maternal and child health outcomes. expand

Early life exposures may lead to adverse effects on health in later life. The Boston birth Cohort study is designed to study a broad array of early life factors and their effects on maternal and child health outcomes.

Type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Start Date: Oct 1998

open study

Monitoring Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Response in Breast Cancer Patients Using Diffuse Optical Spectroscopic...
Boston Medical Center Breast Cancer
This study seeks to enroll women with breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy to evaluate the efficacy of an investigational imaging technology known as Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy Imaging (DOSI) in predicting patient response to chemotherapy treatment. DOSI is... expand

This study seeks to enroll women with breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy to evaluate the efficacy of an investigational imaging technology known as Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy Imaging (DOSI) in predicting patient response to chemotherapy treatment. DOSI is a noninvasive imaging method that uses harmless near-infrared light using simple wearable probes held against the skin by transparent dressings to predict tumor metabolic activity. It uses nonionizing radiation, requires no external contrast agent and uses low light exposure to human tissue. DOSI scans can be performed frequently at the bedside in settings such as a doctor's office or infusion center.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2015

open study

Surgery in Treating Patients With Early Stage Anal Canal or Perianal Cancer and HIV Infection
AIDS Malignancy Consortium Anal Squamous Cell Carcinoma HIV Infection Stage 0 Anal Canal Cancer Stage I Anal Canal Cancer
This phase II trial studies surgery in treating patients with anal canal or perianal cancer that is small and has not spread deeply into the tissues and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Local surgery may be a safer treatment with fewer side effects than bigger... expand

This phase II trial studies surgery in treating patients with anal canal or perianal cancer that is small and has not spread deeply into the tissues and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Local surgery may be a safer treatment with fewer side effects than bigger surgery or radiation and chemotherapy.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2015

open study

Perceptual Predictors of Visual Hallucinations in Parkinson's Disease
Boston University Charles River Campus Parkinson's Disease Visual Hallucination
Visual hallucinations (VH) are among the most distressing of the non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). The investigators plan to examine the relation of perceptual variables-basic vision, unusual perceptual experiences-to relevant functional variables such as cognition,... expand

Visual hallucinations (VH) are among the most distressing of the non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). The investigators plan to examine the relation of perceptual variables-basic vision, unusual perceptual experiences-to relevant functional variables such as cognition, mood, and alertness/sleepiness in an online sample of persons with Parkinson's disease (PwPD). It is hypothesized that unusual perceptual experiences will relate significantly to the selected variables. This is an observational study only, and not an interventional study.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Aug 2022

open study

Pitolisant Effects on Alcohol Self-Administration in Heavy Drinkers
Boston Medical Center Alcohol Use Disorder Alcohol Drinking
This is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover design trial that will test the effect of pitolisant on alcohol self-administration and craving following a priming dose of alcohol. The specific objective of this proposal is to determine whether pitolisant has... expand

This is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover design trial that will test the effect of pitolisant on alcohol self-administration and craving following a priming dose of alcohol. The specific objective of this proposal is to determine whether pitolisant has effects on alcohol consumption and craving

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2021

open study

Prenatal Breastfeeding Education
Boston Medical Center Breast Feeding
In this pilot randomized control trial, the investigators will evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of using a video and website in a prenatal visit to provide breastfeeding education, focusing on how to hand express (HE) breast milk. Participants will be randomized... expand

In this pilot randomized control trial, the investigators will evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of using a video and website in a prenatal visit to provide breastfeeding education, focusing on how to hand express (HE) breast milk. Participants will be randomized to the video/website intervention group or to the control standard of care group. After delivery, participants will be asked to provide information on how long they breastfed and if they used the information in the video and website. Differences in the outcome measures will be analyzed between the two groups.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2021

open study

Intravascular Ultrasound in Patients With End-stage Renal Disease on Dialysis
Boston Medical Center End Stage Renal Disease
Hemodialysis represents a life line of patients with end stage renal disease, who are commonly maintained on hemodialysis through catheters. Prolonged exposure to these catheters eventually damages the walls of veins, which results in stenosis at the local site. This condition... expand

Hemodialysis represents a life line of patients with end stage renal disease, who are commonly maintained on hemodialysis through catheters. Prolonged exposure to these catheters eventually damages the walls of veins, which results in stenosis at the local site. This condition is called central venous stenosis (CVS) and affects number of patients on hemodialysis in the United States and can compromise the dialysis efficacy. The current diagnostic modality for CVS is venography, which has several limitations. This study proposes to examine intravenous ultrasound (IVUS) as a potentially superior modality, which will provide additional information.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2021

open study

Sickle Cell Disease and CardiovAscular Risk - Red Cell Exchange Trial (SCD-CARRE)
Gladwin, Mark, MD Sickle Cell Disease
The SCD-CARRE trial is a Phase 3, prospective, randomized, multicenter, controlled, parallel two-arm study aimed to determine if automated exchange blood transfusion and standard of care administered to high mortality risk adult SCD patients reduces the total number of episodes... expand

The SCD-CARRE trial is a Phase 3, prospective, randomized, multicenter, controlled, parallel two-arm study aimed to determine if automated exchange blood transfusion and standard of care administered to high mortality risk adult SCD patients reduces the total number of episodes of clinical worsening of SCD requiring acute health care encounters (non-elective infusion center/ER/hospital visits) or resulting in death over 12 months as compared with standard of care.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2020

open study

Intranasal Oxytocin for the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Alcohol Use Disorder Alcohol Misuse
Primary: The primary objective of the study is to compare the efficacy of intranasal oxytocin in reducing the weekly percentage of heavy drinking days over the 10 weeks of maintenance treatment among subjects with moderate to severe Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). A "heavy drinking... expand

Primary: The primary objective of the study is to compare the efficacy of intranasal oxytocin in reducing the weekly percentage of heavy drinking days over the 10 weeks of maintenance treatment among subjects with moderate to severe Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). A "heavy drinking day" is 4 or more drinks per drinking day for women and 5 or more drinks per drinking day for men. Secondary: Secondary objectives include assessment of other measures of the effects of oxytocin compared with placebo on reduction of alcohol use as well as effects on psychological assessments, alcohol craving, alcohol-related consequences, cigarette smoking and other nicotine use, retention in the study, safety, and application site (nares) tolerability throughout the study.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2022

open study

MOM NEST Study: Maternal Opioid Medication: Naltrexone Efficacy Study
Boston Medical Center Opioid-use Disorder Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Pregnancy, High Risk Alcohol Use Disorder
This is a multi-center prospective comparative cohort study examining the safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacogenomics of naltrexone for pregnant women with opioid use disorder. Pregnancy, delivery, and maternal and infant outcomes to 12 months post-delivery will... expand

This is a multi-center prospective comparative cohort study examining the safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacogenomics of naltrexone for pregnant women with opioid use disorder. Pregnancy, delivery, and maternal and infant outcomes to 12 months post-delivery will be examined and compared with a cohort treated with buprenorphine/naloxone.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Dec 2018

open study

Treating Chronic Pain in Buprenorphine Patients in Primary Care Settings
Boston University Opioid-Related Disorders
Treating Opioid Patients' Pain and Sadness (TOPPS) focuses on the relationship of pain, depression, opioid and other substance misuse, and functioning. It has a structured agenda, uses behavioral activation, involves explicit and ongoing psychoeducation, and includes a behavioral... expand

Treating Opioid Patients' Pain and Sadness (TOPPS) focuses on the relationship of pain, depression, opioid and other substance misuse, and functioning. It has a structured agenda, uses behavioral activation, involves explicit and ongoing psychoeducation, and includes a behavioral health specialist (BHS) trained extensively in the nature of pain and opioid misuse, including how to assess for red flags of opioid relapse. Devised specifically for primary care patients receiving buprenorphine, TOPPS is collaborative (PCP, BHS, and patient) and focuses on pain and physical symptoms in order to decrease the need to turn to substance misuse to avoid pain, and to foster patient's abilities to achieve their long-term life goals. In this study, TOPPS is compared to a health education contact-control condition among 250 persons with opioid use disorder recruited from two primary care based buprenorphine programs. The investigators will provide both interventions over 3 months, and follow the patients for a total of 12 months in order to observe both short-term and longer-term effects of TOPPS.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2019

open study

Adolescent Master Protocol for Participants 18 Years of Age or Older - Lite
Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) HIV/AIDS
This is a prospective cohort study designed to define the impact of HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy (ART) on young adults with perinatal HIV infection as they transition to adulthood. expand

This is a prospective cohort study designed to define the impact of HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy (ART) on young adults with perinatal HIV infection as they transition to adulthood.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Nov 2017

open study

Multimodal Outcome CHAracterization in Comatose Cardiac Arrest Patients Registry and Tissue Repository
Boston Medical Center Cardiac Arrest
Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in the United States. Mortality rates of cardiac arrest range from 60-85%, and approximately 80% of survivors are initially comatose. Of those who survive, 50% are left with a permanent neurological disability, and... expand

Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death in the United States. Mortality rates of cardiac arrest range from 60-85%, and approximately 80% of survivors are initially comatose. Of those who survive, 50% are left with a permanent neurological disability, and only 10% are able to resume their former lifestyle. Early prognosis of comatose patients after cardiac arrest is critical for management of these patients, yet predicting outcome for these patients remains quite challenging. The primary study objective of MOCHA is to develop an accurate and reliable assessment algorithm for determining neurologic prognosis in patients initially unconscious (no eye opening, GCS-M<6 and not following commands) post-cardiac arrest, using multiple prognostic modalities at standardized time points.

Type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Start Date: Aug 2017

open study

Improvement In Scratch Behavior And Sleep In Patients With Atopic Dermatitis
Boston University Atopic Dermatitis
This single blind study is to primarily evaluate wearable devices and Observer Reported Itch Assessment in children to assess reduction of itch and night-time scratch in response to Crisaborole treatment vs. vehicle treatment (active control comparator without crisaborole)... expand

This single blind study is to primarily evaluate wearable devices and Observer Reported Itch Assessment in children to assess reduction of itch and night-time scratch in response to Crisaborole treatment vs. vehicle treatment (active control comparator without crisaborole) in children with atopic dermatitis (AD). Participants, age 3 months to 5 years with symptomatic mild to moderate AD, along with their primary caregivers will be recruited. The goal of this study is to more fully evaluate the rapid onset of night-time itch and scratch relief, as well as improvements in sleep following treatment with Crisaborole in comparison to vehicle treatment in children with AD. the study will also assess the quality of life (QoL) and sleep within the associated caregivers.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2022

open study

Serum-Protein-Based Indices for the Progression of Fracture Healing and Nonunion
Major Extremity Trauma Research Consortium Humerus Fractures
To define a serum protein-based diagnostic for the progression and failure of fracture healing, through the identification of a set of serum proteins that appear at early times of biological healing and show a specific correlation with later radiological and functional signs... expand

To define a serum protein-based diagnostic for the progression and failure of fracture healing, through the identification of a set of serum proteins that appear at early times of biological healing and show a specific correlation with later radiological and functional signs used to define delayed healing and non-union.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jun 2021

open study

Risk Underlying Rural Areas Longitudinal Cohort Study (RURAL) Heart and Lung Study
Boston University Rural Health Pulmonary Disease Heart Diseases
The Boston University Medical Campus (BUMC) will serve as the site for the RURAL Study Coordinating Center, led by PI Vasan Ramachandran, MD, and the Pulmonary Core, led by George O'Connor, MD. The primary function of the Study Coordinating Center (SCC) is to serve as an... expand

The Boston University Medical Campus (BUMC) will serve as the site for the RURAL Study Coordinating Center, led by PI Vasan Ramachandran, MD, and the Pulmonary Core, led by George O'Connor, MD. The primary function of the Study Coordinating Center (SCC) is to serve as an administrative liaison between all of the RURAL study's cores. The SCC schedules, facilitates, and hosts, all RURAL meetings including preparation for Observational Study Monitoring Board (OSMB) meetings, and maintains direct communication with the study's program officers at NHLBI. The SCC monitors the overall progress of RURAL and keeps all RURAL cores abreast of study updates through meetings, emails, newsletters. It also maintains the official RURAL website and serves as an administrator for investigators seeking to collaborate with RURAL through the submission of Ancillary Studies. The SCC will have no direct interaction with any participants, nor will it have access to identifiable data. The RURAL pulmonary core's primary function will be to read the daily Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) performed by participants at each of RURAL's recruiting sites (Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi). The BUMC Pulmonary Core investigators will receive de-identified data on a daily basis sent by the Statistical Data Coordinating Center at the University of Pennsylvania and will provide a clinical interpretation for each test and "score" the results for quality assurance purposes. Although the Pulmonary Core investigators will not have direct interaction with any participants, in rare circumstances, there may be a need to review identifiable results in the case of a medical emergency at one of the recruiting sites. The pulmonary core will also provide training for all staff who will carry out PFTs.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jan 2021

open study

Implementing a Skills Training Evidence-Based Treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Primary...
Boston Medical Center Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
A majority of residents in low income communities have been exposed to a potentially traumatic event, and up to half (30-50%) of trauma-exposed residents in safety net clinical settings meet criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Despite this, only 13% receive... expand

A majority of residents in low income communities have been exposed to a potentially traumatic event, and up to half (30-50%) of trauma-exposed residents in safety net clinical settings meet criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Despite this, only 13% receive treatment. Poor access to PTSD treatment is due to a shortage of mental health specialists. This study aims to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of a brief, cognitive-behavioral intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-Skills Training in Affective and Interpersonal Regulation (STAIR)- that will be offered in Boston Medical Center (BMC)'s primary care clinics as the new standard of care following integrated behavioral healthcare (IBH) therapist training. In response to clinician capacity concerns and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, we will be offering the intervention in both clinician-administered and self-paced, web-administered formats. The evidence base suggests that STAIR, delivered both synchronously (in-person/telehealth STAIR) and asynchronously (webSTAIR), is associated with significant improvements in PTSD and depression symptoms.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2021

open study