Telemedicine-Delivered Unified Protocol for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Anxiety and Depression
This project will evaluate a telemedicine-delivered, Unified Protocol for Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (UP-CBT) enhanced with continuous glucose monitor (CGM) review to target anxiety and depressive symptoms and glycemic control in young adults with type 1 diabetes.
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Eligible Ages
- Between 18 Years and 35 Years
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Type 1 diabetes (T1D) duration ≥ 6 months - 18-35 years old - HbA1c = 7.5-14% - English- or Spanish-speaking - Anxiety or depressive mood disorder as per structured diagnostic interview.
- Developmental or sensory disability interfering with participation - Current pregnancy - Bipolar disorders, psychotic disorders, severe eating disorders, severe substance abuse disorders, or acute suicidal risk or self-harm - Use of medications or recent medical procedures that would impact glycemic control or use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) over the study - Received cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in last year or plans to initiate CBT; (6) temporary exclusion for recent initiation of psychotropic medication - must be on a stable dose for 6 weeks prior to enrollment.
- Study Type
- Intervention Model
- Parallel Assignment
- Intervention Model Description
- There will be two arms in this trial, (1) The Unified Protocol for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (UP-CBT) Intervention Arm paired with use of continuous glucose monitor (CGM) and (2) CGM only. The active comparison condition of CGM only allows for the evaluation of whether directly targeting emotional disorders with UP-CBT adds value beyond the state-of-the-art approach to glycemic management in Type 1 Diabetes. To the extent that the relationship between emotional disorders and diabetes is bidirectional, a common assumption across research studies in this area, the comparison condition should benefit anxiety and depression outcomes through improved glycemic control and diabetes self-management.
- Primary Purpose
- Single (Outcomes Assessor)
- Masking Description
- Trained clinical interviewers blind to treatment assignment will administer structured clinical interviews to assess primary outcomes of anxiety and depression symptom severity at each assessment. Time in Range will be calculated from CGM data by an analyst who is blind to assignment. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) will be collected via mailed kits at each assessment and analyzed by a lab blind to assignment. Anxiety and Depression severity data will be measured longitudinally throughout the trial, at baseline, immediately post-intervention, and at 9- and 12-months post-randomization by independent assessors blind to the assignment.
Unified Protocol for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (UP-CBT) with Continuous Glucose Monitoring
|Participants randomized to this arm will receive the Unified Protocol for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (UP-CBT), enhanced by review of Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) data. Participants will wear study-supplied CGM for the first 6 months of their participation in the trial.||
Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) Only
|Participants randomized to receive Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) will continue to receive their usual care and will also wear CGM throughout the first 6 months of their participation in the trial.||
- Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Study ContactJeffrey Gonzalez, PhD
The efficacy of the Unified Protocol for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (UP-CBT) combined with commercial FDA-approved Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) will be tested in comparison to CGM only in a randomized controlled clinical trial. The central hypothesis is that the addition of the UP-CBT intervention will yield clinically significant improvements in anxiety and depressive symptom severity and glycemic control relative to CGM alone. We will recruit 150 young adults (age 18-35) with suboptimally controlled type 1 diabetes and an anxiety or depressive disorder from a national population for an entirely virtual 12-month study over five years, with targeted recruitment of racial/ethnic minorities. In addition to standard measurement of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) for glycemic control and validated patient-reported outcome (PRO) surveys, the study integrates momentary psychological and behavioral data via smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment (EMA) with CGM data to assess day-to-day changes in affect, self-management, and glycemia over the course of the trial.