Purpose

The investigators propose to conduct a stepped wedge cluster randomized trial of an advance care planning (ACP) educator-led intervention among hospitalized patients aged 65 and over, or any patient with Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias (ADRD) and their proxy decision-makers in the ward and ICU settings of two major hospitals: Boston Medical Center and North Shore University Hospital in New York. Patient outcomes will be abstracted from electronic health records with Natural Language Processing. The effectiveness of the intervention will be evaluated by comparing the following outcomes among 9,000 hospitalized patients (Aim 1): ACP documentation; preferences for resuscitation; palliative care consults; and, hospice use. The investigators will characterize caregiver-centered outcomes of patients with ADRD, including (Aim 2): (1) knowledge, (2) confidence in future care, (3) communication satisfaction, and (4) decisional certainty in 600 caregivers of patients with ADRD admitted to the hospital. COVID-19 poses a unique dilemma for older Americans and patients with ADRD and their caregivers, who must balance their desire to live against the risk of a lonely and potentially traumatic hospital death. Video decision support is a practical, evidence-based, and innovative approach to assist patients facing such choices. If proven effective, this innovative care model can be immediately deployed across the country to improve the quality of care for millions of Americans.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

Aim 1 - Inpatient at study sites - Age 65 and older Inclusion Criteria: Aim 2 (Caregiver Survey) - Age 18 and older - Designated caregiver of inpatient identified in Aim 1 who are diagnosed with Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias or other cognitive impairments - English or Spanish speaking

Exclusion Criteria

  • None

Study Design

Phase
N/A
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Health Services Research
Masking
Single (Outcomes Assessor)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
No Intervention
Usual Care
Subjects in this arm do not meet with ACP Educator during their index hospitalization.
Experimental
ACP Educator led, video assisted discussion
For hospitalized patients identified by a defined EHR algorithm, an ACP Educator will meet with the patient in the hospital to provide primary palliative care services such as goals-of-care conversations and clinician communication by leveraging certified video decision aids.
  • Behavioral: ACP Educator led, video assisted discussion
    For hospitalized patients identified by a defined EHR algorithm, an ACP Educator will meet with the patient in the hospital to provide primary palliative care services such as goals-of-care conversations and clinician communication by leveraging certified video decision aids.

Recruiting Locations

Boston Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts 02118
Contact:
Lori Henault, MPH
617-414-6935
lori.henault@bmc.org

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Boston Medical Center

Study Contact

Lori E Henault, MPH
617-414-6935
lori.henault@bmc.org

Detailed Description

The majority of patients aged 65 or over, and patients with Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementias (ADRD), have never communicated their preferences to clinicians or completed advance care planning (ACP) documents. Palliative care has the potential to improve ADRD care, improve patient-clinician communication and patient-centered outcomes, while decreasing unwanted burdensome treatments and improving care at the end of life. The novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has acutely escalated the importance of integrating ACP and palliative care services into medical care. The default response to critical illness for patients with ADRD (and all others) is intubation, mechanical ventilation, and aggressive care despite having no change in mortality outcome. ADRD patients and their caregivers may prefer to avoid these interventions. To address these gaps, the investigators have developed a COVID-19 ACP Educator-led, video-assisted palliative care intervention to improve patient-clinician communication, increase ACP documentation, and lead to more patient-centered care at the end of life. The investigators will identify all hospitalized patients aged 65 and older, and any patient with ADRD, and then an ACP Educator will proactively proceed with primary palliative care services of ACP, leveraging certified video decision aids developed by the research team. This will be considered the standard of care for all patients meeting eligibility criteria. The ACP Educator to be tested in this proposal represents a new role and proactive function for the palliative care team. The ACP Educator will work with older patients or patients with ADRD and proxy decision-makers to learn about and document patients' wishes.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.