Hemodialysis represents a life line of patients with end stage renal disease, who are commonly maintained on hemodialysis through catheters. Prolonged exposure to these catheters eventually damages the walls of veins, which results in stenosis at the local site. This condition is called central venous stenosis (CVS) and affects number of patients on hemodialysis in the United States and can compromise the dialysis efficacy. The current diagnostic modality for CVS is venography, which has several limitations. This study proposes to examine intravenous ultrasound (IVUS) as a potentially superior modality, which will provide additional information.



Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 85 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  • ESRD (end stage renal disease) patients at BMC (Boston Medical Center) - Receiving hemodialysis - Has a dialysis access malfunction - Undergoing a diagnostic fistulogram for the dialysis access malfunction

Exclusion Criteria

  • None

Study Design

Study Type
Intervention Model
Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
IVUS and venography group
Participants in the this group will receive venography/fistulogram, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and image processing.
  • Diagnostic Test: Venography
    The venography will be performed as part of the patient's standard of care. The dialysis access will be punctured upstream of the arteriovenous anastomosis in AVF or AVG using a 4-F coaxial access set (Micro- puncture; Cook, Inc, Bloomington, Indiana). The contrast will be injected intravenously by a pump with 200 psi and a bolus of 2m/sec for total of 5 ml during upper extremity vein filming and 10 ml of contrast bolus by 3 ml/s during central vein filming while holding the breath in inspiration in anterioposterior plane.
    Other names:
    • Fistulogram
  • Diagnostic Test: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)
    IVUS will be performed through the same sheath of the coaxial access set using an Eagle Eye Platinum RX digital catheter 7F over a compatible guidewire under fluoroscopic guidance. The lesion will be estimated fluoroscopically from the marker IVUS catheter in the vein and the cranial and caudal margins of stenotic lesion will be directly visualized during pullback of the IVUS catheter.
  • Other: Image processing
    Image processing will be performed by two radiologists in a blinded manner on the images devoid of personal identifier. An adjudication committee will oversee the process and confirm their findings in case of a discrepancy.

Recruiting Locations

Boston Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts 02118
Vipul Chitalia, MD PhD

More Details

Boston Medical Center

Study Contact

Vipul Chitalia, MD PhD
617 638 7330


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.