This study evaluates the feasibility of a mindful walking intervention for management of knee osteoarthritis. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive one of two interventions i.e. mindful walking intervention or a self-care intervention.



Eligible Ages
Between 50 Years and 80 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  • age 50-80 years
  • BMI ≤40 kg/m2
  • Meet American College of Rheumatology clinical and/or clinical+radiographic criteria for knee osteoarthritis
  • Knee pain score ≥ 4 during last week
  • Predominantly medial knee pain
  • Predominantly medial knee radiographic osteoarthritis with or without radiographic patellofemoral osteoarthritis
  • Ability to ambulate for a minimum of 20 minutes, without any assistive device
  • Available for the study duration
  • Own a smartphone
  • Can speak and understand English

Exclusion Criteria

  • Contraindications to exercise
  • Using orthotics for knee pain such as knee braces, wedge insoles
  • Knee injection in previous 3-months
  • Currently receiving physical therapy for knee pain
  • Planning major treatment for knee pain (e.g., physical therapy, surgery) in next 6 months
  • Self-reported joint diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, gout, etc.
  • Self-reported total joint replacement in any lower extremity joint
  • Self-reported neurological conditions like stroke, Parkinson's disease, etc.
  • Self-reported muscular disease like muscle dystrophy
  • Self-reported musculoskeletal or neurologic conditions that affect gait.

Study Design

Study Type
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Single (Outcomes Assessor)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
MCG - Mindful Walking
Participants will be trained in mindful walking technique
  • Behavioral: MCG
    Community-based in person group training n mindful walking over 11 sessions in 6-months+ Activity monitor with feedback on activity levels
Active Comparator
SCG - Education and Self-Care
Participants will receive education in self-management of knee OA
  • Behavioral: SCG
    Community-based in person group education in management of knee osteoarthritis (importance of physical activity, weight management, etc.) over 11 sessions in 6 months + Activity monitor with feedback on activity levels

Recruiting Locations

Boston University
Boston, Massachusetts 02215
Deepak Kumar, PT, PhD

More Details

Boston University Charles River Campus

Study Contact

Deepak Kumar, PT, PhD

Detailed Description

People with knee osteoarthritis have low levels of physical activity, especially walking activity. They also walk with abnormal walking biomechanics that are associated with greater knee loading. Therefore, it is important to increase the levels of walking activity in people with knee osteoarthritis, but also change their walking patterns to reduce knee loading.

This study will last 12 months and participants will be randomized into 2 groups. For the first 6-months, half of the participants will attend sessions at a community location that include training in mindful walking technique. The other half will meet for the same frequency and duration at a community location for education on osteoarthritis and its management (focusing on symptom management, importance of physical activity, weight management, etc.). Both groups will also receive a wrist-worn activity monitor and a smartphone application that they will use throughout the study. After 6-months all participants will be allowed to practice on their own.

All participants will complete gait analysis, knee MRI, questionnaires, physical function assessment at baseline and at 6-months. All participants will also complete questionnaires at 3,9, and 12 months. Weekly physical activity and knee pain data will be collected using the mobile health technology for 12- months.


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.