Purpose

This is a single arm, open label study designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of propylene glycol-free melphalan hydrochloride in patients with AL amyloidosis. Treatment will be comprised of propylene glycol-free melphalan hydrochloride administered intravenously at a dose of 70-100 mg/m2/day on Days -3 and -2 as conditioning prior to autologous stem cell transplantation.

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Age 18 years or older - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status 0-2 - Histologic diagnosis of primary systemic (AL) amyloidosis based on: - Deposition of amyloid material by Congo red stain showing characteristic apple green birefringence AND - Evidence of a clonal plasma cell dyscrasia with monoclonal protein in the serum or urine by immunofixation electrophoresis AND/OR abnormal serum free light chain assay AND/OR clonal plasma cells in the bone marrow exam demonstrated by immunohistochemistry, flow cytometry, or in situ hybridization AND - Evidence of organ involvement - Eligible for treatment with high dose melphalan and stem cell transplantation per institutional guidelines - Ability to understand and willingness to sign informed consent - Pulmonary Function Test demonstrating a diffusion capacity of lung for carbon monoxide ≥ 50% - Left ventricular ejection fraction ≥40% - Systolic blood pressure >90 mm Hg (supine position) - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance status of 2 or better (unless patient is diagnosed with AL amyloidosis involving the gastrointestinal and peripheral/autonomic nervous systems, then performance status of 3 is acceptable)

Exclusion Criteria

  • Previous high-dose melphalan and stem cell transplant - Previous total cumulative dose of oral melphalan > 300 mg - Cytotoxic chemotherapy within the previous 28 days - New York Heart Association ≥3 - Decompensated or uncontrolled heart failure - Oxygen dependence - epidermal growth factor receptor < 30 ml/min - Active infection (i.e HIV, Hepatitis B or C) - Pregnancy or breastfeeding - Exposure to another investigational drug within 3-4 weeks prior to start of study treatment - Ongoing alcohol or drug addiction - Unable or unwilling to comply with the protocol

Study Design

Phase
Phase 2
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
N/A
Intervention Model
Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Evomela
Propylene Glycol-Free Melphalan Hydrochloride (Evomela) administered intravenously at 70-100 mg/m2/day on Days -3 and -2 prior to autologous stem cell transplantation
  • Drug: Propylene Glycol-Free Melphalan Hydrochloride
    Intravenous Propylene Glycol-Free Melphalan Hydrochloride
    Other names:
    • Evomela

Recruiting Locations

Boston Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts 02118
Contact:
Annie Jose, BS
617-638-8213
annie.jose@bmc.org

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Boston Medical Center

Study Contact

John M Sloan, MD
617-638-7519
mark.sloan@bmc.org

Detailed Description

This is a single arm, open label study designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of propylene glycol-free melphalan hydrochloride in patients with AL amyloidosis. Treatment will be comprised of propylene glycol-free melphalan hydrochloride administered intravenously at a dose of 70-100 mg/m2/day on Days -3 and -2 as conditioning prior to autologous stem cell transplantation. After giving written informed consent, subjects will be evaluated for eligibility for enrollment in the study. Baseline evaluations will be performed as outlined in Section 7. Subjects who satisfy all inclusion and exclusion criteria will begin the study drug. Subjects will be monitored from the time of the medication administration until discharge from the transplant program for safety. Organ function and hematologic status will also be measured at 6 and 12 month follow-up visits. Standard response criteria for AL amyloidosis hematologic and organ response will be used. Overall response rate will be measured and participants will be categorized into complete response, very good partial response, partial response and progressive disease. Progression free survival, organ response, and safety and tolerability of propylene glycol-free melphalan hydrochloride will be assessed.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.