Hypofractionated Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy as a Boost to the Prostate
In this study, participants will have standard Androgen Deprivation Therapy and undergo standard external beam radiation therapy to the prostate and at-risk lymph nodes by Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy. The subsequent *boost* radiation therapy to the prostate alone will be given using the CyberKnife, rather than using the standard Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy. This study will also see how CyberKnife affects the quality of the participant's life.
- Prostate Cancer
- Eligible Ages
- Over 18 Years
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Histologically proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate a. Gleason score (2-10) b. Biopsy within six months of date of registration
- Clinical stage (American Joint Committee on Cancer 7th Edition) a. T-stage determined by physical exam i. MRI findings (e.g. extracapsular extension) should not influence T-staging, but should be noted for later analysis b. N-stage determined using abdominopelvic CT scan c. M-stage determined by physical exam, CT and/or MRI, and bone scan
- Patients must belong to one of the following risk groups: a. Very High risk: Stage cT3 and Gleason 8-10 and prostate-specific antigen less than 150 b. High risk: Stage cT1-T2 and Gleason 8-10 and prostate-specific antigen less than 150 c. Moderate high risk: Stage cT3 and Gleason 7 and any prostate-specific antigen. Intermediate to high risk (a) Stage cT3 and Gleason 6 and prostate-specific antigen at least 30 e. Intermediate to high risk (b): Stage cT1-T2 and Gleason 7 and prostate-specific antigen at least 30
- Patient is planned to undergo standard androgen deprivation therapy and initial Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) to the prostate and at-risk lymph nodes.
- Prostate volume greater than 20 cc and less than 100 cc
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
- Patient has agreed to complete questionnaires
- Signed Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved informed consent
- No prior prostate surgery or prostate cancer treatment
- No prior radiotherapy to the pelvis
- No implanted hardware or other material that would prohibit appropriate treatment planning or treatment delivery
- No chemotherapy for a malignancy in the last 5 years.
- No history of an invasive malignancy (other than basal or squamous skin cancers) in the last 5 years.
- No history of a horseshoe kidney
- No diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease
- No heart pacemaker, No metallic foreign body (metal sliver) in the eye, No aneurysm clip in the brain
- Must be able to tolerate the confinement of an MRI procedure
- Study Type
- Intervention Model
- Single Group Assignment
- Primary Purpose
- None (Open Label)
|CyberKnife Boost 21 Gy in 7 Gy per day, 3 fractions, Every other day||
- Boston Medical Center
Study ContactSalli Fennessey, RN
In this study, participants will have standard androgen deprivation therapy and undergo standard radiation therapy to the prostate and at-risk lymph nodes by intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). The subsequent *boost* radiation therapy to the prostate alone will be given using the CyberKnife, rather than using the standard Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy. This study will also see how CyberKnife affects the quality of the participant's life.