Records for Alcohol Care Enhancement
Unhealthy alcohol use (the spectrum from risky consumption through alcohol use disorder, AUD) is a leading cause of preventable death in the US (88,424 deaths annually costing $249 billion a year), and alcohol-related health harms (e.g. AUD itself, cirrhosis) are increasing. Despite high frequency of contacts with the medical system, most people with unhealthy alcohol use do not receive evidence-based interventions due to factors such as stigma, lack of knowledge, challenges with implementing and maintaining tool-based screening, time or prioritization constraints, and more. Electronic health records (EHRs), Best Practice Advisories (BPA) and registries are known and practical tools to improve management and care of chronic disease by aggregating information about the target population, and by assisting the clinician in reminders, decision support, and disease-specific care management. EHRs may help clinicians identify, assess, treat and monitor care when assisted by targeted staff support such as a clinical care manager (CCM) and population health manager (PHM). These support staff help to track outcomes of care and treatments, allowing for increased engagement with the population, and facilitation of care. The study team created a live database/registry of patients with unhealthy alcohol use in the BMC electronic health record (Epic), and updated Epic-based best practice advisories (BPA) and clinical decision support (CDS) (Epic Smart Set) for risky alcohol use and AUD. To improve recognition, management, and overall services provided to patients with AUD, this trial aims to test the impact of these EHR tools (the BPA, CDS, registry and registry-based reporting) for risky alcohol use and AUD by incorporating a population health manager (PHM) and clinical care manager (CCM) to augment reach and support to clinicians, and test the feasibility and effectiveness of leveraging EHRs and targeted supports to improve AUD care. A four-group randomized control trial will be implemented to determine which of four interventions is most effective at increasing rates of initiation and engagement in AUD treatment, as well as other clinical processes and outcomes. The trial will compare the use of the 1) BPA alone (only Epic-based clinician prompting and CDS), 2) BPA + PHM, 3) BPA + CCM, and 4) BPA + PHM + CCM, on the trials' primary, secondary, and exploratory outcomes. Trial results will be assessed by examining outcomes for patients on the clinician's panel.
- Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD)
- Eligible Ages
- Over 18 Years
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
for Clinician Participants: - Adult (18 years or older) - Physician or Nurse Practitioner - Practices Primary Care at Boston Medical Center in the General Internal Medicine (GIM) Primary Care Clinic - Current position in the practice expected to be unchanged for a minimum of 18 months (not a graduating trainee) Inclusion Criteria for Patient Participants: Records (EHR, Medicaid accountable care organizations (ACO) claims) from all patients empaneled (patient is assigned to PCP's primary care panel) by study enrolled clinicians who are: - Adult (18 years or older) - Have had at least 1 completed visit in general internal medicine at BMC during the last 18 months.
• Clinicians who, at the time of study recruitment, are expected to remain in their BMC GIM position for less than 18 months (e.g. resident or fellow trainees expected to graduate within the study time period).
- Study Type
- Intervention Model
- Factorial Assignment
- Primary Purpose
- None (Open Label)
Clinician prompting and Decision Support, Best Practice Advisory (BPA)
|Access to an existing BPA for risky alcohol use and alcohol use disorder.||
BPA plus Population Health Management (BPA+PHM)
|Access to the existing Epic BPA for risky alcohol use and alcohol use disorder + targeted support by a population health manager (PHM).||
BPA plus Clinical Care Management (BPA+CCM)
|Access to the existing Epic BPA for risky alcohol use and alcohol use disorder + targeted support by a clinician care manager (CCM).||
BPA plus Population Health Management plus Clinical Care Management (BPA+PHM+CCM)
|Access to the existing Epic BPA risky alcohol use and alcohol use disorder + targeted support by a population health manager (PHM) and clinician care manager (CCM)||
- Enrolling by invitation
- Boston Medical Center