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194 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Second eFramngham Heart Study
Boston University Cardiovascular Diseases
In the electronic Framingham Heart Study (eFHS), the investigators developed and deployed a mobile app to collect cardiovascular risk factors and event data and test them against cardiovascular data collected in the Framingham research clinic for the FHS. Participants enrolled... expand

In the electronic Framingham Heart Study (eFHS), the investigators developed and deployed a mobile app to collect cardiovascular risk factors and event data and test them against cardiovascular data collected in the Framingham research clinic for the FHS. Participants enrolled in eFHS receive a series of digital surveys modules to complete on a regularly occurring schedule. The objective of the planned randomized trial is to test the effect of administering half of survey modules every 2 weeks versus all survey modules every 4 weeks on improving participants' response rates. There will be 4 survey periods. Period 1 encompasses all survey modules administered from baseline up to week 8 (19 surveys/tasks per participant); period 2 from week 8 up to week 16 (18 surveys/tasks per participant); period 3 from week 16 up to week 24; period 4 from week 24 (16 surveys/tasks per participant).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2021

open study

Prematurity Risk Assessment Combined With Clinical Interventions for Improving Neonatal outcoMEs
Sera Prognostics, Inc. Preterm Labor Preterm Birth
This prospective, randomized, controlled study evaluates the safety and efficacy of a preterm birth (PTB) prevention strategy versus standard of care pregnancy management to reduce the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes. expand

This prospective, randomized, controlled study evaluates the safety and efficacy of a preterm birth (PTB) prevention strategy versus standard of care pregnancy management to reduce the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2020

open study

SWOG S1827 (MAVERICK) Testing Whether the Use of Brain Scans Alone Instead of Brain Scans Plus Preventive...
Southwest Oncology Group Extensive Stage Lung Small Cell Carcinoma Limited Stage Lung Small Cell Carcinoma Lung Small Cell Carcinoma
This phase III trial studies magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) surveillance and prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) to see how well they work compared to MRI surveillance alone in treating patients with small cell lung cancer. MRI scans are used to monitor the possible spread... expand

This phase III trial studies magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) surveillance and prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) to see how well they work compared to MRI surveillance alone in treating patients with small cell lung cancer. MRI scans are used to monitor the possible spread of the cancer with an MRI machine over time. PCI is radiation therapy that is delivered to the brain in hopes of preventing spread of cancer into the brain. The use of brain MRI alone may reduce side effects of receiving PCI and prolong patients' lifespan. Monitoring with MRI scans alone (delaying radiation until the actual spread of the cancer) may be at least as good as the combination of PCI with MRI scans.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2020

open study

Group-based Mindfulness for Chronic Pain in the Primary Care Setting
Boston Medical Center Chronic Pain Back Pain
The purpose of this pragmatic clinical trial (PCT) research is to determine whether a group-visit approach modeled on Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction can improve function for persons with chronic low back pain. This will be done by an embedded PCT within the evidence-based... expand

The purpose of this pragmatic clinical trial (PCT) research is to determine whether a group-visit approach modeled on Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction can improve function for persons with chronic low back pain. This will be done by an embedded PCT within the evidence-based "OPTIMUM" (Optimizing Pain Treatment In Medical settings Using Mindfulness) program.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2021

open study

Testing the Addition of an Antibody to Standard Chemoradiation Followed by the Antibody for One Year...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Recurrent Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma Stage III Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIB Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIC Lung Cancer AJCC v8
This phase III trial studies how well an antibody (durvalumab) with chemotherapy and radiation therapy (chemoradiation) works in treating patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies,... expand

This phase III trial studies how well an antibody (durvalumab) with chemotherapy and radiation therapy (chemoradiation) works in treating patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This study is being done to see if adding durvalumab to standard chemoradiation followed by additional durvalumab can extend patients life and/or prevent the tumor from coming back compared to the usual approach of chemoradiation alone followed by durvalumab.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2020

open study

SBRT +/- Pembrolizumab in Patients With Local-Regionally Recurrent or Second Primary Head and Neck Carcinoma
RTOG Foundation, Inc. Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC)
This phase II trial with a safety run-in component will evaluate whether the addition of pembrolizumab to Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) re-irradiation will improve the progression-free survival for patients with recurrent or new second primary Head and Neck Squamous... expand

This phase II trial with a safety run-in component will evaluate whether the addition of pembrolizumab to Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) re-irradiation will improve the progression-free survival for patients with recurrent or new second primary Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2018

open study

Imiquimod, Fluorouracil, or Observation in Treating HIV-Positive Patients With High-Grade Anal Squamous...
AIDS Malignancy Consortium Anal Intraepithelial Neoplasia High-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion HIV Infection
This randomized phase III trial studies imiquimod or fluorouracil to see how well they work compared to observation in treating patients with high-grade anal squamous skin lesions who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive. Biological therapies, such as imiquimod, may... expand

This randomized phase III trial studies imiquimod or fluorouracil to see how well they work compared to observation in treating patients with high-grade anal squamous skin lesions who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive. Biological therapies, such as imiquimod, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop tumor cells from growing. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. It is not yet known whether imiquimod or fluorouracil is more effective than observation in treating high-grade anal squamous skin lesions.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2015

open study

Mastering the World of Work (MWW): RCT
Boston University Charles River Campus Mental Disorders Employment Metacognition Employment, Supported
The purpose of this study is to conduct a randomized clinical trial for an innovative intervention entitled "Mastering the World of Work" (MWW). MWW aims to improve the employment outcomes of individuals with psychiatric disabilities who experience metacognitive deficits.... expand

The purpose of this study is to conduct a randomized clinical trial for an innovative intervention entitled "Mastering the World of Work" (MWW). MWW aims to improve the employment outcomes of individuals with psychiatric disabilities who experience metacognitive deficits. Metacognitive deficits are represented in diminished capacity to form an integrated sense of self and others and respond to challenges in life. The randomized trial (N=60) will be conducted with recipients of Supported Employment (Individual Placement and Support) services at the Mental Health Center of Greater Manchester, in Manchester, NH. Given COVID-19 safety considerations, the MWW intervention will be delivered in a hybrid manner depending on the preferences of both clinicians and clients at the MHCGM at any given point of the study. The feasibility of remote delivery of the intervention has been established as part of a pilot study conducted at BU CPR. Thus, clinicians may deliver the intervention using HIPAA-complaint ZOOM connection and/or in person. The assessments will be administered at baseline, 6, 12, and 18 months post baseline remotely by BU staff using a HIPAA-complaint ZOOM connection. The RCT will establish preliminary evidence about the incremental effectiveness of the MWW intervention to improve the employment outcomes of individuals with metacognitive deficits who receive high fidelity IPS services. Study participants randomized to the control condition will receive IPS services as usual.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2022

open study

Assessment of Dapagliflozin on Vascular Health in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
Boston University Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Endothelial Dysfunction
Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) have changes in blood vessel health that can lead to a higher chance of developing heart attacks or strokes. New medications for T2DM including dapagliflozin, which is a Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2) inhibitor,... expand

Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) have changes in blood vessel health that can lead to a higher chance of developing heart attacks or strokes. New medications for T2DM including dapagliflozin, which is a Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2) inhibitor, may help protect the heart and blood vessels. The overarching objective of this mechanistic study is to learn how a Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 (SGT2) inhibitor, dapagliflozin, impacts vascular health in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). The investigators will compare the changes in vascular health to changes in endothelial cell (EC) phenotype including non-coding RNA (ncRNA) to develop evidence supporting the mechanism of cardiovascular benefit of SGLT2 inhibitors. This study will provide novel information regarding the mechanism of effects of novel treatments for endothelial function and vascular health in patients with T2DM to reduce cardiovascular (CV) risk. The research aims to assess the: - effects of dapagliflozin on EC phenotype. - impact of dapagliflozin on vasodilator function and additional measures of vascular health including arterial stiffness and circulating markers of vascular health.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2022

open study

A Hybrid Effectiveness Implementation Study of Latino/a Alcohol and Drug Users
Boston University Charles River Campus Alcohol Use Disorder Drug Use Psychological Distress
Alcohol use is a significant problem among Latinxs and immigration-related stress increases risk for substance use. A theoretically-based cultural adaptation of motivational interviewing (CAMI) that specifically integrated discussion of immigration-related stressors (e.g.,... expand

Alcohol use is a significant problem among Latinxs and immigration-related stress increases risk for substance use. A theoretically-based cultural adaptation of motivational interviewing (CAMI) that specifically integrated discussion of immigration-related stressors (e.g., stigma, social isolation) resulted in significant reductions in alcohol-related harms for those Latinx heavy drinkers with high discrimination compared to standard MI, and reduced anxiety and depressive symptoms one year later compared to MI. Rigorous tests that examine theoretically-informed adaptation of efficacious addiction interventions are not common, yet are needed to advance implementation science. This Hybrid Type 1 Effectiveness-Implementation study will investigate the feasibility of implementing CAMI in a real-world clinical setting. The key questions are: Would CAMI have positive effects among individuals who use both drugs and alcohol? How do providers view this intervention? The investigators will collaborate with a primary care center that serves a mainly Latinx client population to train their Community Wellness Advocates (CWAs) to deliver CAMI to patients who are heavy drinkers. The investigators will conduct a concurrent investigation on the process of implementing CAMI in primary care - a two-arm randomized clinical effectiveness trial will enroll Latinx heavy drinkers (18 years or older) in primary care who use alcohol (and may use other drugs) - and follow them for 12 months after the intervention. Specific Aims are: (1) To examine the impact of CAMI plus a booster session (vs. assessment only) on outcomes: % heavy drinking days, frequency of alcohol-related consequences, depressive/anxiety symptoms, and number of illicit drug use days, using a Hybrid Type 1 Effectiveness-Implementation design and (2) To gather indicators of implementation outcome from multiple stakeholders using a mixed-methods approach. The investigators will follow Curran's framework to evaluate the process of implementation and Proctor's framework to measure implementation outcomes. This study, a first to examine the acceptability of culturally-adapted addiction treatments in primary care settings, will answer essential questions on implementing evidence-based care for Latinxs that can improve health disparities related to substance use. Long term goals are to translate the lessons from this Hybrid study to the broader community to focus on population health for all primary care patients.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2022

open study

Early Longitudinal Imaging in Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative Using [¹⁸F] AV-133 and DaTscan™
Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research Parkinson Disease
Directly examine whether early (6-month) imaging with DaTscan and [¹⁸F] AV-133 will provide an early signal of disease progression in recently diagnosed untreated PD patients. expand

Directly examine whether early (6-month) imaging with DaTscan and [¹⁸F] AV-133 will provide an early signal of disease progression in recently diagnosed untreated PD patients.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Sep 2020

open study

Using Biomarkers to Help Guide Safe Immunotherapy Discontinuation in Patients With Unresectable Stage...
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group Advanced Melanoma Clinical Stage III Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v8 Clinical Stage IV Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v8 Melanoma of Unknown Primary Pathologic Stage IIIB Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v8
This phase II trial investigates how well biomarkers on PET/CT imaging drive early discontinuation of anti-PD-1 therapy in patients with stage IIIB-IV melanoma that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). Anti-PD-1 therapy has become a standard therapy option for patients... expand

This phase II trial investigates how well biomarkers on PET/CT imaging drive early discontinuation of anti-PD-1 therapy in patients with stage IIIB-IV melanoma that cannot be removed by surgery (unresectable). Anti-PD-1 therapy has become a standard therapy option for patients with unresectable melanoma. This trial is being done to determine if doctors can safely shorten the use of standard of care anti-PD1 therapy for melanoma by using biomarkers seen on PET/CT imaging and tumor biopsy.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2020

open study

Daratumumab, Pomalidomide, and Dexamethasone (DPd) in Relapsed/Refractory Light Chain Amyloidosis Patients...
Weill Medical College of Cornell University Amyloid AL Amyloidosis Refractory AL Amyloidosis
This study will test the hypothesis that in patients with previous daratumumab exposure, combination therapy of daratumumab, pomalidomide, and dexamethasone (DPd) will yield higher complete remission (CR) rates in relapsed/refractory amyloidosis than historical pomalidomide/dexamethasone... expand

This study will test the hypothesis that in patients with previous daratumumab exposure, combination therapy of daratumumab, pomalidomide, and dexamethasone (DPd) will yield higher complete remission (CR) rates in relapsed/refractory amyloidosis than historical pomalidomide/dexamethasone treatment.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2021

open study

Transmission of Tuberculosis Among Illicit Drug Use Linkages
Boston Medical Center Tuberculosis Illicit Drug Use
Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading infectious disease killer globally and leading cause of death in persons with HIV. The most effective way to reduce TB incidence and mortality is to interrupt transmission. This requires finding and treating individuals with TB disease early,... expand

Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading infectious disease killer globally and leading cause of death in persons with HIV. The most effective way to reduce TB incidence and mortality is to interrupt transmission. This requires finding and treating individuals with TB disease early, including those with subclinical disease. Molecular epidemiologic studies and mathematical models have shown that the primary approach to case finding-household contact tracing-identifies only 8-19% of transmissions in high TB and TB/HIV burden settings. Thus there is a clear need to identify new groups and settings where TB transmission occurs. Spatial clustering of individuals with higher rates of progression from infection to disease, such as those with HIV and malnourishment, can also form transmission hotspots. Illicit drug (i.e., methamphetamines, crack/cocaine, opiates) users have higher TB infection prevalence and disease incidence compared to non-users, likely due to significant within-group transmission and/or clustered vulnerability. Increased transmission among people who use illicit drugs (PWUD) could result from creation of more efficient TB transmitters, increased close contact among transmitters, increased rates of primary progression from infection to disease among contacts, or a combination. Interrogation of illicit drug user networks for TB transmission, therefore, holds great potential as a target for early case identification and linkage to treatment, with potential benefit for halting transmission to the broader population.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Apr 2021

open study

Efficacy and Tolerability of Bedaquiline, Delamanid, Levofloxacin, Linezolid, and Clofazimine to Treat...
Boston University Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is tuberculosis (TB) that is resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampicin, the two most important anti-TB drugs. It occurs in 3.6% of newly diagnosed TB patients in the world and 17% of patients who have been previously treated. In... expand

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is tuberculosis (TB) that is resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampicin, the two most important anti-TB drugs. It occurs in 3.6% of newly diagnosed TB patients in the world and 17% of patients who have been previously treated. In 2017, approximately 600,000 people were estimated to have acquired MDR-TB. However, only 25% of persons with MDR-TB were diagnosed and started on treatment, reflecting inadequate diagnostic capacity and lack of TB treatment capacity. In this multicenter, randomized, partially blinded, four-arm, phase 2 study, the investigators will examine the efficacy and safety of an all-oral regimen of bedaquiline, delamanid, levofloxacin, linezolid, and clofazimine given for 16, 24, 32 or 40 weeks

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2022

open study

VGX-3100 and Electroporation in Treating Patients With HIV-Positive High-Grade Anal Lesions
AIDS Malignancy Consortium Anal Intraepithelial Neoplasia High Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Neoplasia HIV Positivity Human Papillomavirus-16 Positive Human Papillomavirus-18 Positive
This phase II trial studies the use of human papillomavirus (HPV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) plasmids therapeutic vaccine VGX-3100 (VGX-3100) and electroporation in treating patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive high-grade anal lesions. Vaccines made from... expand

This phase II trial studies the use of human papillomavirus (HPV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) plasmids therapeutic vaccine VGX-3100 (VGX-3100) and electroporation in treating patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive high-grade anal lesions. Vaccines made from DNA may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Electroporation helps pores in your body's cells take in the drug to strengthen your immune system's response. Giving VGX-3100 and electroporation together may work better in treating patients with high-grade anal lesions.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2018

open study

Pilot Study of Biopsy Scanner for Evaluation of Bronchoscopic Small Biopsy Specimens to Determine Adequacy
Aquyre Bioscience, Inc Lung Cancer
The aim of the study is to assess the performance of Aquyre Biopsy Scanner technology (the FDA class I medical device) at determining if tissue from the lymph nodes and lung nodules, taken during a bronchoscopy procedure, is adequate for a diagnosis. The study will assess how... expand

The aim of the study is to assess the performance of Aquyre Biopsy Scanner technology (the FDA class I medical device) at determining if tissue from the lymph nodes and lung nodules, taken during a bronchoscopy procedure, is adequate for a diagnosis. The study will assess how well the Aquyre Biopsy Scanner can differentiate between tissue samples that meet certain requirements that allow for further diagnostic analysis and samples that do not.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Sep 2021

open study

Zambia Infant Cohort Study - Brains Optimized for Surviving and Thriving
Boston University Child Development
Children exposed to HIV in-utero but uninfected (CHEUs) number 14.8 million globally. In Zambia, an estimated 56,000 CHEUs are born annually, a staggering fraction of the national birth cohort. Multiple studies establish that CHEUs are more neurodevelopmentally vulnerable... expand

Children exposed to HIV in-utero but uninfected (CHEUs) number 14.8 million globally. In Zambia, an estimated 56,000 CHEUs are born annually, a staggering fraction of the national birth cohort. Multiple studies establish that CHEUs are more neurodevelopmentally vulnerable than HIV-unexposed peers. In Zambia, there are existing effective early childhood developmental (ECD) interventions that target other vulnerable populations, but never trialed specifically for CHEUs. Scaling up ECD is now a priority of Zambia's national strategy, but CHEUs are not currently targeted. There is a need to better understand the scope and mechanism of CHEU-related neurodevelopmental differences and what interventions are most effective. This randomized clinical trial (RCT) is a true effectiveness trial as the intervention will deploy a home-based adaptation of the same curriculum that is currently used elsewhere in the country, named Scaling Up Early Childhood Development In Zambia (SUPERCDZ). The effectiveness of a scalable early childhood development (ECD) intervention for CHEUs will be evaluated using normalized Z-scores of neurodevelopmental testing at age 24 months. In this RCT the investigators will test the following hypotheses: Hypothesis 1: An ECD intervention delivered by community health workers via bi-weekly home visits will improve neurodevelopmental outcomes in CHEUs. Hypothesis 2: CHEUs have significantly worse neurodevelopmental outcomes than unexposed peers at 24 months, mediated by preterm birth, disease stage or antiretroviral (ARV) exposure. This RCT will build on an existent, actively recruiting cohort of 1500 pregnant women-infant dyads in a peri-urban hospital in Zambia, the Zambian Infant Cohort Study (ZICS), by extending the follow-up of a subsample of infants from 6 months to 2 years amongst the last 525 children enrolled (ZICS-BOOST- Brains Optimized to Survive and Thrive). The study will have three arms: Arm 1) CHEU + ECD intervention (n=175); Arm 2) CHEU without ECD intervention (n=175); Arm 3) HUU without intervention (n=175).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2022

open study

RECLEAN Pilot Study
Boston University Lead Poisoning
This is an exposure assessment pilot study tailored for families of construction workers living with a child. The investigators will compare home dust metal levels and resident's blood metal levels before and after an educational and environmental intervention. A baseline... expand

This is an exposure assessment pilot study tailored for families of construction workers living with a child. The investigators will compare home dust metal levels and resident's blood metal levels before and after an educational and environmental intervention. A baseline and a post intervention period assessment will be conducted with home and car lead inspections and risk assessments with collection of dust, urine, blood and toenail samples and a survey. Objectives of this research are to: 1. To characterize pre-intervention home exposures to lead and other metals in households with one construction worker inhabitant living with a child, by assessing household members' biospecimens and home dust metal levels. 2. To develop and evaluate customized home interventions (including environmental and educational approaches) to reduce metals exposure in three tiers of intervention. 3. To characterize home exposures to lead and other metals post intervention and determine adapted behaviors and whether the degree of metals exposure reduction (including take home exposures) in the households depends on the level of intervention.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2021

open study

Novolog vs. Fiasp Insulin in Non-critically Ill Hospitalized Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Boston Medical Center Type 2 Diabetes Treated With Insulin
Hyperglycemia affects 30-40% of hospitalized patients. Despite the fact that basal/bolus insulin therapy has been demonstrated to improve glycemic control and clinical outcomes in patients, achieving good glucose control remains a challenge. This study examines the effects... expand

Hyperglycemia affects 30-40% of hospitalized patients. Despite the fact that basal/bolus insulin therapy has been demonstrated to improve glycemic control and clinical outcomes in patients, achieving good glucose control remains a challenge. This study examines the effects of Fiasp (a faster acting insulin) on blood sugars after meals compared to another type of insulin known as Novolog. The study will be performed in patients with type 2 diabetes admitted to the hospital, who are not in the intensive care unit, and who are being seen by the inpatient diabetes consult team. Eligible participants will be treated with Fiasp or Novolog injected multiple times a day before meals and at bedtime, in addition to a once daily injection of insulin glargine as basal insulin. Which type of meal time insulin (Fiasp vs Novolog) the subject gets is decided by chance, like the flip of a coin. Insulin doses will be started and titrated based on a protocol. All the subjects will wear a blinded continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)) sensor placed in their arm which they will wear for 72 hours during the study. The glucose values from the CGM, collected during the time it is worn, will be downloaded and compared to assess the response to the two different types of insulins - Fiasp and Novolog. The goal is to determine if Fiasp works as well as or better than Novolog in controlling blood sugars, particularly after meals, in the subjects of the study.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2020

open study

Right-Size Clinic Visits Using Memora Platform for PROMIS
Boston Medical Center Orthopedic Disorders
Developing novel methods of patient communication is crucial in providing value-based care to orthopedic patients. Healthcare technology platforms have been developed to improve patient communication methods particularly for the administration of patient-reported outcome measures... expand

Developing novel methods of patient communication is crucial in providing value-based care to orthopedic patients. Healthcare technology platforms have been developed to improve patient communication methods particularly for the administration of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). However, the majority of these interventions rely on web-based platforms that require patients to have computer access. Among American households earning less than $30,000 per year, only 59% have access to a desktop or laptop and just 47% have broadband internet at home compared to mobile phone penetration which is estimated at 95% of which 93% regularly use text messages. The use of phone messaging may be the most effective means to have patients complete PROMs. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is an NIH-funded, clinically validated method of tracking patient-reported outcomes to efficiently assess patient health status. PROMIS utilizes Item Response Theory (IRT) and computerized adaptive testing (CAT) to improve measurement precision and decrease survey time as compared to traditional PROMs. The purpose of this two-phase study is to utilize Memora Health's text-messaging platform to collect web-based PROMIS CAT surveys from patients (Phase 1) and use this information to right-size clinic visits (Phase 2).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2021

open study

Trial of Parkinson's And Zoledronic Acid
California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute Parkinson Disease Osteoporosis Parkinsonism Parkinson's Disease and Parkinsonism Atypical Parkinsonism
This home-based study is a randomized (1:1) placebo-controlled trial of a single infusion of zoledronic acid-5 mg (ZA) for the prevention of fractures in men and women aged 60 years and older with Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism with at least 2 years of follow-up. A total... expand

This home-based study is a randomized (1:1) placebo-controlled trial of a single infusion of zoledronic acid-5 mg (ZA) for the prevention of fractures in men and women aged 60 years and older with Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism with at least 2 years of follow-up. A total of 3500 participants will be enrolled and randomized in the United States. Participants, follow-up outcome assessors, and study investigators will be blinded to assigned study treatment. This trial is funded by the National Institute of Aging.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2019

open study

Screening for Cardiac Amyloidosis With Nuclear Imaging for Minority Populations
Mathew Maurer Amyloid Cardiomyopathy, Transthyretin-Related
In this study, the investigators will recruit a cohort of elderly Black and Hispanic patients with heart failure to define the number of patients who have cardiac amyloidosis by utilizing highly sensitive heart imaging and blood tests. The investigators will also explore differences... expand

In this study, the investigators will recruit a cohort of elderly Black and Hispanic patients with heart failure to define the number of patients who have cardiac amyloidosis by utilizing highly sensitive heart imaging and blood tests. The investigators will also explore differences in genetics and sex as they relate to heart failure disease progression in cardiac amyloidosis.

Type: Observational

Start Date: May 2019

open study

Tuberculosis - Learning the Impact of Nutrition
Boston Medical Center Tuberculosis Malnutrition Helminth Infection
The proposed work is based on the finding that one-third of the world is infected with the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and only 10% of these individuals develop TB. The study aims to identify factors that drive progression to disease and study signals (markers... expand

The proposed work is based on the finding that one-third of the world is infected with the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and only 10% of these individuals develop TB. The study aims to identify factors that drive progression to disease and study signals (markers of the immune response) that detect who will progress to active TB and why this happens. Armed with these markers, the study will address how malnutrition and worms alter this signal profile to cause active TB. The work will be conducted in India, where there are 2.8 million TB cases each year - more than any other country - and where the government has committed to eliminating TB by 2035. Data suggest that malnutrition and parasites increase risk of TB disease so the investigators will feed malnourished household contacts and have those with parasites receive medication to treat these. Using this infrastructure, the investigators will evaluate the immunologic impact of feeding on TB pathogenesis. An additional aim is to understand the role of parasitic worms with the goal of determining the utility of low-cost ($.02 per dose) worm treatment as part of TB control efforts. Risk of developing TB will be evaluated for 120 household contacts of TB patients in the setting of their malnutrition and parasites. There are four study arms comprised of thirty participants each -- malnourished with parasite infection, malnourished with no parasite infection, well-nourished with parasite infection, and well-nourished with no parasite infection. Correlates of risk of disease will be assessed using blood messenger RNA/micro RNA (mRNA/miRNA) sequencing and T cell immune markers. The TB LION study will confirm that malnutrition and worms increase the risk of active TB and will provide the basis for effective interventions that could change the face of the TB pandemic and have a profound impact on the health of people worldwide. Participants in this study will be household contacts of tuberculosis index cases. The index cases in this study do not participate in the study once a household contact is established. All interventions and follow up are only being conducted within the household contact cohort. All intervention supplies, treatments, and biologics will be purchased internationally.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2019

open study

Family Partner Navigation for Children
Boston Medical Center Health Behavior
Family Navigation (FN), an evidence-based care management strategy which is a promising intervention to help low income and minority families access timely mental health services. Despite significant evidence supporting the effectiveness of FN, concerns exist about the ability... expand

Family Navigation (FN), an evidence-based care management strategy which is a promising intervention to help low income and minority families access timely mental health services. Despite significant evidence supporting the effectiveness of FN, concerns exist about the ability to disseminate FN to a broad population due to inefficiency and cost. The proposed study employs an innovative research methodology, the Multiphase Optimization STrategy (MOST), a framework for developing highly efficacious, efficient, scalable, and cost-effective interventions. The investigators will conduct a randomized experiment to assess the individual components of FN and identify which components and component levels have greatest effect on access to, and engagement in, diagnostic and treatment services for children with mental health disorders. This information then guides assembly of an optimized FN model that achieves the primary outcomes with least resource consumption and participant burden

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2019

open study