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194 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Zambia Infant Cohort Study - Brains Optimized for Surviving and Thriving
Boston University Child Development
Children exposed to HIV in-utero but uninfected (CHEUs) number 14.8 million globally. In Zambia, an estimated 56,000 CHEUs are born annually, a staggering fraction of the national birth cohort. Multiple studies establish that CHEUs are more neurodevelopmentally vulnerable... expand

Children exposed to HIV in-utero but uninfected (CHEUs) number 14.8 million globally. In Zambia, an estimated 56,000 CHEUs are born annually, a staggering fraction of the national birth cohort. Multiple studies establish that CHEUs are more neurodevelopmentally vulnerable than HIV-unexposed peers. In Zambia, there are existing effective early childhood developmental (ECD) interventions that target other vulnerable populations, but never trialed specifically for CHEUs. Scaling up ECD is now a priority of Zambia's national strategy, but CHEUs are not currently targeted. There is a need to better understand the scope and mechanism of CHEU-related neurodevelopmental differences and what interventions are most effective. This randomized clinical trial (RCT) is a true effectiveness trial as the intervention will deploy a home-based adaptation of the same curriculum that is currently used elsewhere in the country, named Scaling Up Early Childhood Development In Zambia (SUPERCDZ). The effectiveness of a scalable early childhood development (ECD) intervention for CHEUs will be evaluated using normalized Z-scores of neurodevelopmental testing at age 24 months. In this RCT the investigators will test the following hypotheses: Hypothesis 1: An ECD intervention delivered by community health workers via bi-weekly home visits will improve neurodevelopmental outcomes in CHEUs. Hypothesis 2: CHEUs have significantly worse neurodevelopmental outcomes than unexposed peers at 24 months, mediated by preterm birth, disease stage or antiretroviral (ARV) exposure. This RCT will build on an existent, actively recruiting cohort of 1500 pregnant women-infant dyads in a peri-urban hospital in Zambia, the Zambian Infant Cohort Study (ZICS), by extending the follow-up of a subsample of infants from 6 months to 2 years amongst the last 525 children enrolled (ZICS-BOOST- Brains Optimized to Survive and Thrive). The study will have three arms: Arm 1) CHEU + ECD intervention (n=175); Arm 2) CHEU without ECD intervention (n=175); Arm 3) HUU without intervention (n=175).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2022

open study

RECLEAN Pilot Study
Boston University Lead Poisoning
This is an exposure assessment pilot study tailored for families of construction workers living with a child. The investigators will compare home dust metal levels and resident's blood metal levels before and after an educational and environmental intervention. A baseline... expand

This is an exposure assessment pilot study tailored for families of construction workers living with a child. The investigators will compare home dust metal levels and resident's blood metal levels before and after an educational and environmental intervention. A baseline and a post intervention period assessment will be conducted with home and car lead inspections and risk assessments with collection of dust, urine, blood and toenail samples and a survey. Objectives of this research are to: 1. To characterize pre-intervention home exposures to lead and other metals in households with one construction worker inhabitant living with a child, by assessing household members' biospecimens and home dust metal levels. 2. To develop and evaluate customized home interventions (including environmental and educational approaches) to reduce metals exposure in three tiers of intervention. 3. To characterize home exposures to lead and other metals post intervention and determine adapted behaviors and whether the degree of metals exposure reduction (including take home exposures) in the households depends on the level of intervention.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2021

open study

Novolog vs. Fiasp Insulin in Non-critically Ill Hospitalized Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Boston Medical Center Type 2 Diabetes Treated With Insulin
Hyperglycemia affects 30-40% of hospitalized patients. Despite the fact that basal/bolus insulin therapy has been demonstrated to improve glycemic control and clinical outcomes in patients, achieving good glucose control remains a challenge. This study examines the effects... expand

Hyperglycemia affects 30-40% of hospitalized patients. Despite the fact that basal/bolus insulin therapy has been demonstrated to improve glycemic control and clinical outcomes in patients, achieving good glucose control remains a challenge. This study examines the effects of Fiasp (a faster acting insulin) on blood sugars after meals compared to another type of insulin known as Novolog. The study will be performed in patients with type 2 diabetes admitted to the hospital, who are not in the intensive care unit, and who are being seen by the inpatient diabetes consult team. Eligible participants will be treated with Fiasp or Novolog injected multiple times a day before meals and at bedtime, in addition to a once daily injection of insulin glargine as basal insulin. Which type of meal time insulin (Fiasp vs Novolog) the subject gets is decided by chance, like the flip of a coin. Insulin doses will be started and titrated based on a protocol. All the subjects will wear a blinded continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)) sensor placed in their arm which they will wear for 72 hours during the study. The glucose values from the CGM, collected during the time it is worn, will be downloaded and compared to assess the response to the two different types of insulins - Fiasp and Novolog. The goal is to determine if Fiasp works as well as or better than Novolog in controlling blood sugars, particularly after meals, in the subjects of the study.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2020

open study

Right-Size Clinic Visits Using Memora Platform for PROMIS
Boston Medical Center Orthopedic Disorders
Developing novel methods of patient communication is crucial in providing value-based care to orthopedic patients. Healthcare technology platforms have been developed to improve patient communication methods particularly for the administration of patient-reported outcome measures... expand

Developing novel methods of patient communication is crucial in providing value-based care to orthopedic patients. Healthcare technology platforms have been developed to improve patient communication methods particularly for the administration of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). However, the majority of these interventions rely on web-based platforms that require patients to have computer access. Among American households earning less than $30,000 per year, only 59% have access to a desktop or laptop and just 47% have broadband internet at home compared to mobile phone penetration which is estimated at 95% of which 93% regularly use text messages. The use of phone messaging may be the most effective means to have patients complete PROMs. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) is an NIH-funded, clinically validated method of tracking patient-reported outcomes to efficiently assess patient health status. PROMIS utilizes Item Response Theory (IRT) and computerized adaptive testing (CAT) to improve measurement precision and decrease survey time as compared to traditional PROMs. The purpose of this two-phase study is to utilize Memora Health's text-messaging platform to collect web-based PROMIS CAT surveys from patients (Phase 1) and use this information to right-size clinic visits (Phase 2).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2021

open study

Trial of Parkinson's And Zoledronic Acid
California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute Parkinson Disease Osteoporosis Parkinsonism Parkinson's Disease and Parkinsonism Atypical Parkinsonism
This home-based study is a randomized (1:1) placebo-controlled trial of a single infusion of zoledronic acid-5 mg (ZA) for the prevention of fractures in men and women aged 60 years and older with Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism with at least 2 years of follow-up. A total... expand

This home-based study is a randomized (1:1) placebo-controlled trial of a single infusion of zoledronic acid-5 mg (ZA) for the prevention of fractures in men and women aged 60 years and older with Parkinson's disease and parkinsonism with at least 2 years of follow-up. A total of 3500 participants will be enrolled and randomized in the United States. Participants, follow-up outcome assessors, and study investigators will be blinded to assigned study treatment. This trial is funded by the National Institute of Aging.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2019

open study

Screening for Cardiac Amyloidosis With Nuclear Imaging for Minority Populations
Mathew Maurer Amyloid Cardiomyopathy, Transthyretin-Related
In this study, the investigators will recruit a cohort of elderly Black and Hispanic patients with heart failure to define the number of patients who have cardiac amyloidosis by utilizing highly sensitive heart imaging and blood tests. The investigators will also explore differences... expand

In this study, the investigators will recruit a cohort of elderly Black and Hispanic patients with heart failure to define the number of patients who have cardiac amyloidosis by utilizing highly sensitive heart imaging and blood tests. The investigators will also explore differences in genetics and sex as they relate to heart failure disease progression in cardiac amyloidosis.

Type: Observational

Start Date: May 2019

open study

Tuberculosis - Learning the Impact of Nutrition
Boston Medical Center Tuberculosis Malnutrition Helminth Infection
The proposed work is based on the finding that one-third of the world is infected with the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and only 10% of these individuals develop TB. The study aims to identify factors that drive progression to disease and study signals (markers... expand

The proposed work is based on the finding that one-third of the world is infected with the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and only 10% of these individuals develop TB. The study aims to identify factors that drive progression to disease and study signals (markers of the immune response) that detect who will progress to active TB and why this happens. Armed with these markers, the study will address how malnutrition and worms alter this signal profile to cause active TB. The work will be conducted in India, where there are 2.8 million TB cases each year - more than any other country - and where the government has committed to eliminating TB by 2035. Data suggest that malnutrition and parasites increase risk of TB disease so the investigators will feed malnourished household contacts and have those with parasites receive medication to treat these. Using this infrastructure, the investigators will evaluate the immunologic impact of feeding on TB pathogenesis. An additional aim is to understand the role of parasitic worms with the goal of determining the utility of low-cost ($.02 per dose) worm treatment as part of TB control efforts. Risk of developing TB will be evaluated for 120 household contacts of TB patients in the setting of their malnutrition and parasites. There are four study arms comprised of thirty participants each -- malnourished with parasite infection, malnourished with no parasite infection, well-nourished with parasite infection, and well-nourished with no parasite infection. Correlates of risk of disease will be assessed using blood messenger RNA/micro RNA (mRNA/miRNA) sequencing and T cell immune markers. The TB LION study will confirm that malnutrition and worms increase the risk of active TB and will provide the basis for effective interventions that could change the face of the TB pandemic and have a profound impact on the health of people worldwide. Participants in this study will be household contacts of tuberculosis index cases. The index cases in this study do not participate in the study once a household contact is established. All interventions and follow up are only being conducted within the household contact cohort. All intervention supplies, treatments, and biologics will be purchased internationally.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2019

open study

Family Partner Navigation for Children
Boston Medical Center Health Behavior
Family Navigation (FN), an evidence-based care management strategy which is a promising intervention to help low income and minority families access timely mental health services. Despite significant evidence supporting the effectiveness of FN, concerns exist about the ability... expand

Family Navigation (FN), an evidence-based care management strategy which is a promising intervention to help low income and minority families access timely mental health services. Despite significant evidence supporting the effectiveness of FN, concerns exist about the ability to disseminate FN to a broad population due to inefficiency and cost. The proposed study employs an innovative research methodology, the Multiphase Optimization STrategy (MOST), a framework for developing highly efficacious, efficient, scalable, and cost-effective interventions. The investigators will conduct a randomized experiment to assess the individual components of FN and identify which components and component levels have greatest effect on access to, and engagement in, diagnostic and treatment services for children with mental health disorders. This information then guides assembly of an optimized FN model that achieves the primary outcomes with least resource consumption and participant burden

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2019

open study

Myocardial Ischemia and Transfusion
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Myocardial Infarction Anemia
The purpose of this study is to compare two red blood cell transfusion strategies (liberal and restrictive) for patients who have had an acute myocardial infarction and are anemic. expand

The purpose of this study is to compare two red blood cell transfusion strategies (liberal and restrictive) for patients who have had an acute myocardial infarction and are anemic.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2017

open study

Tuberculosis - Learning the Effect of Parasites and Reinforcing Diets
Boston Medical Center Tuberculosis, Pulmonary Helminthiasis Malnutrition
The objectives of this research are to determine: - the burden of intestinal parasitic infections among persons living with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) - whether intestinal parasitic infections alter TB treatment outcomes, including speed of sputum... expand

The objectives of this research are to determine: - the burden of intestinal parasitic infections among persons living with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) - whether intestinal parasitic infections alter TB treatment outcomes, including speed of sputum clearance and treatment outcomes - the impact of malnutrition on speed of sputum clearance and TB treatment outcomes - whether nutritional supplementation improves speed of sputum clearance and treatment outcomes In this study the researchers will investigate how intestinal parasites impact the nutritional status of TB patients before the start of nutritional supplementation and how they alter the trajectory of weight gain in those receiving supplementation by analyzing results from 2 cohorts. LEOPARD Cohort 1- - Control-Enroll TB cases, screen for undernutrition, obtain stool for intestinal parasite screening by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and assess them for treatment outcomes and weight gain - TB LION (Learning Impact of Nutrition) - Enroll TB cases, provide nutritional supplementation for 6 months (as part of existing TB LION study), screen for undernutrition, obtain stool for intestinal parasite screening by PCR, and assess them for treatment outcomes and weight gain LEOPARD Cohort 2 - - Enroll TB cases, screen for undernutrition, obtain stool for internal parasite screening by PCR, and assess them for treatment outcomes and weight gain.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Apr 2022

open study

Genetic Epidemiology of Rotator Cuff Tears: The cuffGEN Study
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Rotator Cuff Tears
Rotator cuff tear is one of the most common reasons to seek musculoskeletal care, and cuff repair is one of the fastest growing ambulatory surgery procedures. However, the etiology of cuff tears, reasons for variability treatment success, and causes of FI are poorly understood.... expand

Rotator cuff tear is one of the most common reasons to seek musculoskeletal care, and cuff repair is one of the fastest growing ambulatory surgery procedures. However, the etiology of cuff tears, reasons for variability treatment success, and causes of FI are poorly understood. A large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) using imaging-verified rotator cuff tear cases and controls can address limitations in rigor of prior research and assess the genetic basis of FI and functional outcomes of cuff tear treatments. Primary Objective: To conduct a case-control GWAS of imaging-verified symptomatic rotator cuff tear in approximately 3000-6000 individuals and replicate findings in an independent set of 3000-6000 or more imaging-verified individuals to identify common variants in several genetic loci that increase risk for rotator cuff tears. Hypothesis: Common variants in several genetic loci increase risk for rotator cuff tears. Secondary Objectives: 1. To perform an imputed transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) to identify and prioritize gene targets associated with rotator cuff tear by integrating GWAS summary statistics and gene-expression weights from muscle and adipose tissue available in the GTEx project. Hypothesis: Genetically predicted gene expression of multiple genes in muscle and adipose tissue are associated with rotator cuff tear. 2. To identify if single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with rotator cuff tear and their genetic risk score (GRS) predict improved pain and function as measured by American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Form (ASES) and other outcome measures. Hypothesis: Select SNPs and GRS predict ASES outcome. 3. To identify genetic variants associated with Fatty Infiltration (FI) in patients with cuff tears in a two stage GWAS of imaged rotator cuffs and to prioritize gene targets through an imputed-TWAS in muscle and adipose tissue. Hypothesis: Multiple genetic variants are associated with FI and some exert their influence by altering gene expression in the muscle and adipose tissue.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Mar 2021

open study

Parents Advancing Toddler Health
Boston University Charles River Campus Sleep Problem Behavior, Child
Although early interventions can improve health equity in young children living in poverty, this promise often is not realized because of barriers to family engagement. The proposed study will target co-morbid behavior and sleep problems in early childhood, comparing child... expand

Although early interventions can improve health equity in young children living in poverty, this promise often is not realized because of barriers to family engagement. The proposed study will target co-morbid behavior and sleep problems in early childhood, comparing child outcomes and family response to sleep and behavior interventions and investigating the novel strategy of letting families select their intervention.We will enroll 500 low-income toddlers with co-morbid sleep and behavior problems, randomized to 4 parent coaching interventions: sleep, behavior, family choice (sleep or behavior), and an active control. At baseline and at 1, 5, and 9 months post- intervention, we will assess child sleep and behavior and family functioning. We will measure family preference, engagement, and perceived value of each intervention. The goals of the study are: (1) to examine effects of evidence- based sleep and behavior interventions in young low-income children with co-morbid sleep and behavior problems on child sleep and behavior and family functioning; (2) to determine whether parents prefer, engage with, and value a sleep or behavior intervention more; and (3) to examine if giving families a choice of intervention results in higher engagement, higher perceived value and better family and child outcomes than assignment to intervention. By informing best practices for engaging low-income families to treat co-morbid sleep and behavior problems, results will be critical to reducing health disparities for children living in poverty.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2021

open study

Testing if High Dose Radiation Only to the Sites of Brain Cancer Compared to Whole Brain Radiation That...
NRG Oncology Metastatic Lung Small Cell Carcinoma Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Brain Recurrent Lung Small Cell Carcinoma Stage IV Lung Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IVA Lung Cancer AJCC v8
This phase III trial compares the effect of stereotactic radiosurgery to standard of care memantine and whole brain radiation therapy that avoids the hippocampus (the memory zone of the brain) for the treatment of small cell lung cancer that has spread to the brain. Stereotactic... expand

This phase III trial compares the effect of stereotactic radiosurgery to standard of care memantine and whole brain radiation therapy that avoids the hippocampus (the memory zone of the brain) for the treatment of small cell lung cancer that has spread to the brain. Stereotactic radiosurgery is a specialized radiation therapy that delivers a single, high dose of radiation directly to the tumor and may cause less damage to normal tissue. Whole brain radiation therapy delivers a low dose of radiation to the entire brain including the normal brain tissue. Hippocampal avoidance during whole-brain radiation therapy (HA-WBRT) decreases the amount of radiation that is delivered to the hippocampus which is a brain structure that is important for memory. The drug, memantine, is also often given with whole brain radiotherapy because it may decrease the risk of side effects related to thinking and memory. Stereotactic radiosurgery may decrease side effects related to memory and thinking compared to standard of care HA-WBRT plus memantine.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2021

open study

DECAMP 1 PLUS: Prediction of Lung Cancer Using Noninvasive Biomarkers
Boston University Pulmonary Disease
DECAMP 1 PLUS aims to improve the efficiency of the diagnostic evaluation of patients with indeterminate pulmonary nodules (8-25 mm). Molecular biomarkers for lung cancer diagnosis measured in minimally invasive and non-invasive biospecimens may be able to distinguish between... expand

DECAMP 1 PLUS aims to improve the efficiency of the diagnostic evaluation of patients with indeterminate pulmonary nodules (8-25 mm). Molecular biomarkers for lung cancer diagnosis measured in minimally invasive and non-invasive biospecimens may be able to distinguish between malignant or benign indeterminate pulmonary nodules in high-risk smokers. Ultimately, this study aims to validate molecular as well as clinical and imaging biomarkers of lung cancer in individuals with indeterminate lung nodules.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Aug 2020

open study

Walking and mHealth to Increase Participation in Parkinson Disease
Boston University Charles River Campus Parkinson Disease
Identifying effective ways to improve function, slow decline and reduce disability is a high priority for people living with Parkinson disease and other chronic conditions. Regular participation in walking is essential to reduce disability and enhance participation in preferred... expand

Identifying effective ways to improve function, slow decline and reduce disability is a high priority for people living with Parkinson disease and other chronic conditions. Regular participation in walking is essential to reduce disability and enhance participation in preferred life activities. However, people with chronic conditions are often sedentary, contributing to greater disability. The goal of this work is to determine the benefits of a walking, walking enhancing exercises and cognitive-behavioral strategies delivered using mobile health technology for people with Parkinson disease over a sustained period of time.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2019

open study

Digital Tomosynthesis Mammography and Digital Mammography in Screening Patients for Breast Cancer
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group Breast Screening
This randomized phase III trial studies digital tomosynthesis mammography and digital mammography in screening patients for breast cancer. Screening for breast cancer with tomosynthesis mammography may be superior to digital mammography for breast cancer screening and may... expand

This randomized phase III trial studies digital tomosynthesis mammography and digital mammography in screening patients for breast cancer. Screening for breast cancer with tomosynthesis mammography may be superior to digital mammography for breast cancer screening and may help reduce the need for additional imaging or treatment.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2017

open study

DECAMP-2: Screening of Patients With Early Stage Lung Cancer or at High Risk for Developing Lung Cancer
Boston University Pulmonary Disease
The goal of this project is to improve lung cancer screening in high-risk individuals by identifying biomarkers of preclinical disease and disease risk that are measured in minimally invasive and non-invasive biospecimens. Existing biomarkers for lung cancer diagnosis as well... expand

The goal of this project is to improve lung cancer screening in high-risk individuals by identifying biomarkers of preclinical disease and disease risk that are measured in minimally invasive and non-invasive biospecimens. Existing biomarkers for lung cancer diagnosis as well as new biomarkers discovered specifically in this clinical setting will be examined. Biomarkers that identify individuals at highest risk for being diagnosed with lung cancer prior to the appearance of concerning symptoms could increase the utility of lung cancer surveillance and the efficiency of lung cancer chemoprevention clinical trials. Achieving these goals would improve the detection and treatment of early stage and incipient lung cancer, while restricting the risk of these procedures to those individuals who currently exhibit the early molecular warning signs of impending disease.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Sep 2011

open study

Robotic Exosuit Augmented Locomotion (REAL) in the Clinic and Community
Boston University Charles River Campus Stroke
Previous studies of the exosuit technology have culminated in strong evidence for the gait-restorative effects of soft robotic exosuits for patients post-stroke by means of substitution for lost function. The present study builds on this work by suggesting that an exosuit's... expand

Previous studies of the exosuit technology have culminated in strong evidence for the gait-restorative effects of soft robotic exosuits for patients post-stroke by means of substitution for lost function. The present study builds on this work by suggesting that an exosuit's immediate gait-restorative effects can be leveraged during high intensity gait training to produce long-lasting gait restoration. Current gait training efforts are focused on either quality or intensity. They focus on gait quality often by reducing the training intensity to allow patients to achieve a more normal gait. In contrast, efforts focused on training intensity push participants without focusing on the quality of their movements. These intervention paradigms generally fail to substantially impact community mobility. In this study, the investigators posit that exosuits can uniquely enable an integration of these paradigms (ie, high intensity gait training that promotes quality of movements). For this protocol, exosuits developed in collaboration with an industry partner, ReWalk™ Robotics will be used. To evaluate the effects of REAL gait training, the investigators will use clinical measures of motor and gait function, locomotor mechanics and energetics, and physiologic measures that may infer on motor learning. The spectrum of behavioral and physiologic data that we will collect will enable us to understand more comprehensively the gait-restorative effects of REAL. This study is a single-arm mechanistic clinical trial that will examine clinical and physiological factors that determine response to the intervention. This study will assist in informing best candidates and outcomes for future randomized controlled trials.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2022

open study

Posterior cerebraL ArTery Occlusion Study
Boston Medical Center Stroke, Acute Ischemic
For this retrospective study, the investigators will collect and analyze data of patients who presented with posterior artery occlusion and underwent mechanical thrombectomy (the type of endovascular stroke treatment) and intravenous thrombolysis (the type of non-endovascular... expand

For this retrospective study, the investigators will collect and analyze data of patients who presented with posterior artery occlusion and underwent mechanical thrombectomy (the type of endovascular stroke treatment) and intravenous thrombolysis (the type of non-endovascular stroke treatment). The electronic health records will be queried for the demographic, medical history, and outcomes data of all patients with posterior cerebral artery occlusion who underwent mechanical thrombectomy, intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), or medical management.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jan 2022

open study

Birth Control to Improve Birth Spacing
Brigham and Women's Hospital Contraception Contraception Behavior Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Birth Spacing
This study aims to investigate the drivers of postpartum contraceptive use with a prospective cohort. The study will clarify the role of contraceptive knowledge, attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy in driving intention to initiate contraception postpartum and describe the... expand

This study aims to investigate the drivers of postpartum contraceptive use with a prospective cohort. The study will clarify the role of contraceptive knowledge, attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy in driving intention to initiate contraception postpartum and describe the impact of environmental barriers on enacting intended postpartum contraception initiation.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Feb 2022

open study

Imaging Brain Fluids During Breathing
Boston University Charles River Campus Healthy
This study will perform magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements of hemodynamics and cerebrospinal fluid flow across breathing tasks and during breath-locked neuromodulation. expand

This study will perform magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements of hemodynamics and cerebrospinal fluid flow across breathing tasks and during breath-locked neuromodulation.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2022

open study

Process-Based Therapy in an Outpatient Setting
Boston University Charles River Campus Anxiety Depression
The proposed study aims to examine the effects of process-based therapy on 6 adult patients presenting for treatment at a university community outpatient clinic using a nonconcurrent multiple baseline design. expand

The proposed study aims to examine the effects of process-based therapy on 6 adult patients presenting for treatment at a university community outpatient clinic using a nonconcurrent multiple baseline design.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2021

open study

Supporting Sustained HIV Treatment Adherence After Initiation
Boston University HIV Infections Adherence, Medication
The investigators will implement a 24-month fractional factorial design study (Aim 1). The investigators will recruit 510 patients initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) at three City of Cape Town ART clinics. Each patient will have adherence monitored using the Wisepill®... expand

The investigators will implement a 24-month fractional factorial design study (Aim 1). The investigators will recruit 510 patients initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) at three City of Cape Town ART clinics. Each patient will have adherence monitored using the Wisepill® electronic adherence monitoring device (EAM). After eligibility has been confirmed, each participant will be randomized to one of 16 experimental conditions. Each condition includes a unique combination of five adherence intervention components. Three of these components focus on identifying individuals with poor adherence, with increasing degrees of sophistication, with immediate linkage to adherence support. Two components focus on supporting good adherence. They both supplement the existing adherence support program delivered at the study clinics operated by City of Cape Town (standard of care component). Based on Self-Determination Theory, the investigators postulate these intervention components will: 1) enhance feelings of autonomy support, social support, and knowledge; 2) improve motivation and self-competence; and 3) increase ART retention, adherence, and viral suppression. A subset of the participants, as well as clinic staff, will be invited to in-depth interviews to explore mediating factors (Aim 1) and the implementation process (Aim 2); and the data collected in Aims 1 and 2 will be used to explore cost effectiveness (Aim 3).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2022

open study

EXHIT ENTRE Implementation Trial of High Intensity Versus Low Intensity Strategy
Hennepin Healthcare Research Institute Substance Use Disorders Opioid Use Disorder, Severe Opioid Use Disorder, Moderate
This study is a multi-site, cluster randomized, two group implementation trial comparing a low- versus high-intensity implementation strategy for supporting hospital-based opioid use disorder treatment (HBOT) in community hospital settings where medication for opioid use disorder... expand

This study is a multi-site, cluster randomized, two group implementation trial comparing a low- versus high-intensity implementation strategy for supporting hospital-based opioid use disorder treatment (HBOT) in community hospital settings where medication for opioid use disorder (MOUD) treatment has not been implemented.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2021

open study

Optimization and Multi-Site Feasibility of Yoga for Chronic Pain in People in YOGAMAT-II - Phase II
Butler Hospital Opioid Use Chronic Pain
Phase 2 - Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) Optimization Phase: 1. To conduct a factorial experiment that will allow us to evaluate the impact of each of the 4 intervention components on yoga dosage received. We will enroll a total n=192. All participants... expand

Phase 2 - Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) Optimization Phase: 1. To conduct a factorial experiment that will allow us to evaluate the impact of each of the 4 intervention components on yoga dosage received. We will enroll a total n=192. All participants will receive the core yoga intervention, with random assignment to the four intervention components outlined above. 2. Use results from Phase 2 to choose an efficient combination of intervention components that, together with standard yoga classes, maximizes yoga dosage. 3. Examine mechanisms by which components are hypothesized to work.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2022

open study